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Home Archive of journals Volume 13, No. 2, 2023 Changes in the land area of the Russian Arctic for the biota development

CHANGES IN THE LAND AREA OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC FOR THE BIOTA DEVELOPMENT

JOURNAL: Volume 13, No. 2, 2023, p. 188-200

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Tishkov, A.A., Dobryansky, A.S., Krenke, A.N., Gnedenko, A.E.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-2-188-200

UDC: 911.6:577.4

The article was received on: 05.12.2022

Keywords: biota, Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, new land, primary successions, sea level rise, neotectonic land uplift, accumulative coasts, marches

Bibliographic description: Tishkov, A.A., Dobryansky, A.S., Krenke, A.N., Gnedenko, A.E. Changes in the land area of the Russian Arctic for the biota development. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2023, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 188-200. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-2-188-200. (In Russian).


Abstract:

A distinguishing feature of the Arctic zone landscapes is the abundance of open young surfaces, devoid of vegetation, on which primary successions of biota develop. They are formed mainly along the shores of the Arctic Ocean and are actively developed by flora and fauna. The emergence of a «new land» is due to the wide of neotectonic uplifts in the Arctic, the retreat of glaciers, the drying up of thermokarst lakes, and alluvial and eolian processes. Along with this, as a result of the widespread rise in sea level, there is an increase in the area of water, retreat and destruction of coasts, especially in permafrost regions. The authors, using original methods for analyzing satellite images of 1990—1995 and 2018—2022 and synthesizing published data, try to assess the balance of the outcomes of the multidirectional processes of the appearance of the “new land” and the rise of the ocean level in the western sector of the Arctic coast of Russia under the conditions of climate change.


Finance info: The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation grant no.22-17-0168, https://rscf.ru/project/22-17-00168/ Biogeographical consequences of climate change in the Russian Arctic. The authors are grateful to A.F.Glazovsky for help in assessing the glaciation of the Russian Arctic and an anonymous reviewer for valuable comments and recommendations on the manuscript.

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594