Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Home ї Archive of journals ї Volume 12, No. 2, 2022 ї Impact of the Lomonosov diamond deposit exploitation on the Zolotitsa River ecosystem


JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 2, 2022, p. 191-199

HEADING: Ecology

AUTHORS: Kotova, E.I., Netsvetaeva, O.P., Reshetnyak, O.S.

ORGANIZATIONS: P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Hydrochemical Institute, Russian Arctic National Park

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-191-199

UDC: 502.55:622.371(571.56)

The article was received on: 21.01.2022

Keywords: ecology, diamond mining, Zolotitsa River, pollution of river waters, Lomonosov diamond deposit, water discharge, hydrochemistry

Bibliographic description: Kotova, E.I., Netsvetaeva, O.P., Reshetnyak, O.S. Impact of the Lomonosov diamond deposit exploitation on the Zolotitsa River ecosystem. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 191-199. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-191-199. (In Russian).


The development of the Lomonosov diamond deposit is underway on the territory of the Arkhangelsk region. Saponite rocks pollute the environment. The Zolotitsa River ecosystem is under significant anthropogenic pressure due to discharge of drainage water into the river. The study purpose is to assess the impact of the diamond deposit development on the discharge and chemical composition of the Zolotitsa River waters using statistical methods. The main data source for the study was the State Water Cadastre. As a result, the researchers proved no significant changes in the discharge and chemical composition of the Zolotitsa River waters. The only exception is the decrease in the dissolved oxygen content. However, the fact requires further study to identify the true causes of the trend.

Finance info: The work was carried out within the framework of the state assignment No. FMWE-2021-0006.

  1. Pozdnyakov A. I., Volpert Y. L. Analysis of diamond-mining industry impact on the environment in the North-West Yakutia]. Problemy region. ekologii, 2008, no. 2, pp. 24—28. (In Russian).
  2. Sheveleva A. V., Shvartsman Y. G. Problems of ecological safety at development of Lomonosov diamond deposit. Vestn. Sev. (Arkt.) Feder. un-ta. Estestv. nauki, 2012, no. 2, pp. 40—46. (In Russian).
  3. Posukhova T. V., Garanin K. V., Siaoin G. et al. Diamond industry wastes: mineral composition and recycling. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 2013, no. 2, pp. 38—48. DOI: 10.3103/S0145875213020087.
  4. Volpert Y. L. Transformation of land ecosystems as a result of diamond mining industry influence. Uspekhi sovrem. estestvoznaniya, 2012, no. 11, pp. 80—82. (In Russian).
  5. Gololobova A. G., Legostaeva Ya. B. Ecogeochemical monitoring of soil cover on diamond mining site in Western Yakutia. Izv. politekhn. un-ta. Inzhiniring georesursov, 2020, vol. 331, no. 12, pp. 146—157. DOI: 10.18799/24131830/2020/12/2948. (In Russian).
  6. Valuev E. P. Stages of the M. V. Lomonosov diamond deposit development. Gor. zhurn., 2002, no. 7, pp. 29—32. (In Russian).
  7. Shpilevaya D. V. Geological structure, mineral composition and environmental and economic aspects of the Arkhangelskaya pipe development (M. V. Lomonosov diamond deposit). Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Geol.-Min.) Dissertation, Moscow, 2008, 20 p. (In Russian).
  8. Verzhak D. V., Garanin K. V. Environmental problems of diamond deposit development in the Arkhangelsk diamond province and some ways to solve them. Diamond geology — present and future. Voronezh, Izd-vo VGU, 2005, pp. 246—260. (In Russian).
  9. Verzhak D. V., Garanin K. V. Diamond deposits of the Arkhangelsk region and environmental problems of their development. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 4. Geologiya, 2005, no. 6. pp. 18—27. (In Russian).
  10. Atroshchenko F. G. Efficiency of the gravitational method of purification of large volumes of wastewater from clay suspensions (on the example of the experience of operating facilities for the treatment of quarry and waste waters of the Lomonosov mining and processing plant). Materialy godichnoi sessii Nauchnogo soveta RAN po problemam geoekologii, inzhenernoi geologii i gidrogeologii. Perm, Izd-vo PGNIU, 2019, pp. 489—494. (In Russian).
  11. Alekseev A. I., Zubkova O. S., Polyanskiy A. S. Purification of open pit water of PJSC “Severalmaz” from disperse particles of clayey mineral saponite by the coagulation method. Bull. of St PbSIT(TU), 2020, no. 55 (81), pp. 22—27. (In Russian).
  12. Makushenko M. E., Potapov A. A., Filin R. A. Zooplankton as indicator of water quality of natural water-currents in the area of Lomonosov diamond pipe. Vestn. S.-Peterb. un-ta. Ser. 3. Biologiya, 2008, no. 3, pp. 17—28. (In Russian).
  13. Bedrina D. D., Malov A. I., Yakovlev E. Yu. et al. Bottom sediment composition in the Zolotitsa River, Arkhangelsk region. Tezisy dokladov VII Vserossiiskoi nauchnoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvyashchennoi 30-letiyu Instituta problem promyshlennoi ekologii Severa FITs KNTs RAN i 75-letiyu so dnya rozhdeniya d. b. n., professora V. V. Nikonova. Pod redaktsiei E. A. Borovichyova, O. I. Vandysh. Apatity, Izd-vo KNTS RAN, 2019, pp. 104—105. (In Russian).
  14. Yakovlev E. Yu., Malov A. I., Druzhinin S. V. et al. Distribution of radionuclides and assessment of radiation safety parameters in river sediments in the area of the Lomonosov diamond deposit. Novoe v poznanii processov rudoobrazovaniya: Devyataya rossijskaya molodyozhnaya nauchno-prakticheskaya shkola s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. Moscow, Izd-vo IGEM RAN, 2019, pp. 481—482. (In Russian).
  15. Malov A. I. Impact of drainage water discharge from kimberlite quarry on river water quality. Voda: himiya i ekologiya, 2020, no. 7—9, pp. 15—27. (In Russian).
  16. Selyanina S. B., Churakova E. Yu., Mihajlova G. V. et al. Characteristics of aquatic plants and water indicators in the water courses of the Primorsky sanctuary in the diamond production area (Arkhangelsk region). Trudy Kol’skogo nauch. tsentra RAN, 2020, vol. 11, no. 2—8 (8), pp. 47—58. DOI: 10.37614/2307-5252.2020.2.8.005. (In Russian).
  17. Klimovskiy N. V., Moreva O. Y., Matveev N. Y. et al. Ecological state of the Zimnyaya Zolotitsa River in the area of the indirect impact of the mining and processing plant. Voda i ekologiya: problemy i resheniya, 2021, no. 2 (86), pp. 54—64. DOI: 10.23968/2305-3488.2021.26.2.54-64. (In Russian).
  18. Resources of the USSR surface waters. Vol. 3: Northern Territory. Leningrad, Gidrometeoizdat, 1972, 663 p. (In Russian).
  19. Mann H. B. Non-parametric tests against trend. Econometrica, 1945, vol. 13, pp. 245—259. DOI: 10.2307/1907187.
  20. Kendall M. G. Rank Correlation Methods. 4th ed. London, Charles Griffin, 1975, 202 p.

Download »

© 2011-2023 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594