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HomeArchive of journalsIssue 1(29) 2018 ╗ Species diversity and structure of zooplankton community (on the example of the └rkhangelsk region)

SPECIES DIVERSITY AND STRUCTURE OF ZOOPLANKTON COMMUNITY (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE └RKHANGELSK REGION)

JOURNAL: 2018, ╣1(29), p. 68-83

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Zmetnaya M.I., Plakueva M.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: North Branch of Knipovich Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography, Northern Agency for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-1-68-83

UDC: 574.58

The article was received on: 29.06.2017

Keywords: biological diversity, zooplankton, Shannon index, dominant-diversity curve, watercourses of the Arkhangelsk region, abundance of species

Bibliographic description: Zmetnaya M.I., Plakueva M.V. Species diversity and structure of zooplankton community (on the example of the └rkhangelsk region). Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 1(29), pp. 68-83. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-1-68-83. (In Russian).


Abstract:

In our day, the impact of economic activity on the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation has increased. Therefore, a comprehensive study of these ecosystems is necessary. Role of zooplankton is particularly high in energy transformation and biotic circulation substances determining the productivity of the pond. At present, there is little data on the species diversity of the zooplankton community of watercourses the Arkhangelsk region that enters territorially into the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The characteristic of zooplankton community of watercourses are limited by several parameters in the literature (abundance, biomass, etc.) and by species composition. It is important to have representation of the current species diversity of the zooplankton community, that is composed of the total number of species (species richness) and uniformity (relative distribution of individuals among species). The research was carried out in the framework of the hydro-biological observations of the “Northern Agency for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring” in 2013-2014. Sampling and sample handling were conducted by standard methods. A comparative assessment of zooplankton communities of the Arkhangelsk watercourses was carried out using such characteristics as number of species in m3, abundance (specimen/m3), ratio of representatives of different taxonomic groups. Species diversity of zooplankton community was calculated on the basis of the Shannon diversity index for the abundance of zooplankton. We found that the species diversity of watercourses of the Arkhangelsk region is well traced by a dominant-diversity curve and confirmed by the Shannon index values, which are increasing at a greater species diversity and decrease at its contraction. For watercourses in the Arkhangelsk region, the maximum values of the Shannon index correspond to the period of intensive development of zooplankton (July, August) and are in range 2,20-3,58 in 2013 and 1,98-3,48 in 2014. The minimum values of the Shannon index correspond to the end of the growing season (October) and are in range 1,30-0,91 in 2013 and 1,69-0,92 in 2014. The structure-forming complex of the zooplankton community includes 3-5 species.


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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594