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Home Archive of journals Volume 13, No. 1, 2023 The dairy farming development in the Arctic zone of the Republics of Karelia and Komi, Arkhangelsk region: opportunities and forms of support

THE DAIRY FARMING DEVELOPMENT IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF THE REPUBLICS OF KARELIA AND KOMI, ARKHANGELSK REGION: OPPORTUNITIES AND FORMS OF SUPPORT

JOURNAL: Volume 13, No. 1, 2023, p. 149-157

HEADING: Regional problems

AUTHORS: Surovtsev, V.N.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-1-149-157

UDC: 631.1

The article was received on: 10.03.2022

Keywords: Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, digital technologies, dairy farming, milking robots,, automation, small enterprises, family farms, forms of state support

Bibliographic description: Surovtsev, V.N. The dairy farming development in the Arctic zone of the Republics of Karelia and Komi, Arkhangelsk region: opportunities and forms of support. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2023, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 149-157. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-1-149-157. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation is a region with special business support conditions. In 2020, it included the municipal districts of the republics of Karelia, Komi and the Arkhangelsk region, where dairy farming was a traditional activity. Since early 1990s, agriculture in these areas has been in a deep crisis and unable to overcome it. The analysis revealed a close relationship between the reduction in the number of cows and the decrease in the area of cultivated arable land in municipal districts. The number of cows decreased by 25 times in 3 regions, by 15 times in 5 regions, the areas under crops in all categories of farms — by 36 and 15 times, respectively. The shallow contour of the fields, the spread of agricultural land across the territory, the lack of a developed transport infrastructure in the Arctic zone do not allow realizing economies of scale and reducing costs through large investment projects, such as mega-complexes with a conveyor type of production being built in the central and Southern regions of Russia. Automation of production processes, digitalization of management increase productivity and quality, reduce resource intensity and operating costs. Mastering digital technologies for monitoring, modeling and control in operational management and planning increase the efficiency of using agro-climatic and natural potential, reduce production and investment risks. The regional specifics of fodder and milk production in the Northern regions determines the expediency of preferential support for the innovative development of dairy farming in small and medium-sized enterprises, family farms, which makes it necessary to improve the forms of state support for investments.


Finance info: The study was conducted as part of the implementation of the State assignment on the budget topic No.FFZF-2022-18.

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594