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Home Archive of journals Volume 12, No. 3, 2022 Methods for ensuring environmental safety in waste disposal in hard-to-reach areas of the Arctic zone

METHODS FOR ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY IN WASTE DISPOSAL IN HARD-TO-REACH AREAS OF THE ARCTIC ZONE

JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 3, 2022, p. 444-453

HEADING: Ecology

AUTHORS: Sednev, V.A., Drozdov, D.A., Sergeenkova, N.A.

ORGANIZATIONS: Academy of State Fire-Prevention Service of EMERCOM of Russia

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-3-444-453

UDC: 504(502.131.1); 614

The article was received on: 25.04.2022

Keywords: Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, metal scrap, waste, decommissioning, environmental safety, economic damage

Bibliographic description: Sednev, V.A., Drozdov, D.A., Sergeenkova, N.A. Methods for ensuring environmental safety in waste disposal in hard-to-reach areas of the Arctic zone. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 444-453. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-3-444-453. (In Russian).


Abstract:

Severe environment in hard-to-reach areas of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, including lands and islands located in the Arctic Ocean, and an undeveloped transport network make it difficult to remove identified waste from these territories in due time and, as a result, lead to a negative impact on ecosystems. At the same time, in addition to the huge accumulated environmental damage, every year the generation of new production and consumption waste increases, on average, by 11%, while only 16.5% is processed. Moreover, a significant number of hard-to-reach facilities are located in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation at great distances from the “outside world”, which significantly complicates the problem of waste processing. Existing technologies for cleaning up the territories of hard-to-reach areas of the Arctic zone, for example, from scrap metal (waste disposal, waste control, and waste management) are costly and require a significant amount of effort and money. Meanwhile, the scrap metal fragmentation in place by explosive means is more mobile and less costly. Accordingly, the authors, based on previous studies on determining the composition of gaseous explosion products after the use of explosives, substantiated the requirements for preserving the environment of hard-to-reach areas of the Arctic zone when using explosion energy for the scrap metal disposal.


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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594