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Home Archive of journals Volume 11, No. 1, 2021 Experimental study of the permafrost thawing effect on the content of nutrients and heavy metals in seawater during abrasion destruction of the Arctic coast

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE PERMAFROST THAWING EFFECT ON THE CONTENT OF NUTRIENTS AND HEAVY METALS IN SEAWATER DURING ABRASION DESTRUCTION OF THE ARCTIC COAST

JOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 1, 2021, p. 67-75

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Pogojeva, M.P., Yakushev, E.V., Petrov, I.N., Yaeski, E.A.

ORGANIZATIONS: P. P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, N. N. Zubovs State Oceanographic Institute, Northwest Branch of RPA Typhoon

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-67-75

UDC: 551.343:551.8

The article was received on: 11.10.2020

Keywords: permafrost thawing, biogeochemical regime of coastal waters, ocean acidification, pollution of seawaters

Bibliographic description: Pogojeva, M.P., Yakushev, E.V., Petrov, I.N., Yaeski, E.A. Experimental study of the permafrost thawing effect on the content of nutrients and heavy metals in seawater during abrasion destruction of the Arctic coast. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 67-75. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-67-75. (In Russian).


Abstract:

In the context of global warming, the permafrost thawing could have a significant impact on the chemical composition of seawaters in the Arctic. Permafrost thawing is a potential source of organic and inorganic forms of nutrients, as well as heavy metals. During the Russian-Norwegian expedition to Svalbard in June 2018, the researchers carried out a laboratory experiment to assess the permafrost thawing effect on the chemical properties of seawater. They took permafrost samples from an abrasive slope 10 km west of Longyearbyen. The experiment took place in the laboratory of the University Center on Svalbard (UNIS), the changes in dissolved oxygen, pH, concentrations of nutrients and pollutants associated with the thawing of permafrost were investigated. During the experiment, the researchers added permafrost samples to the seawater samples, and then kept the solution under natural conditions while taking samples at regular intervals. The experimental data made it possible to assess the changes in the concentration of chemicals because of the permafrost thawing. The experiment shows the significance of the investigated process for coastal waters, its effect on the supply of nutrients, heavy metals, ocean acidification, and, in this regard, demonstrates the sensibility of coastal ecosystems to multiple factors associated with global warming.


Finance info: The work was supported by the projects: Norwegian Research Council project 246752 POMPA, 283482 ICOTA; Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment project PERMACID; Roshydromet R&D project, topic 1.5.3.7; Svalbards miljøvernfrost project Influence of permafrost thawing on acidification and bioproductivity; project of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (topic 0149-2019-0003).

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594