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Home » Archive of journals » Issue 1(29) 2018 » Some results of greenhouse gases monitoring in the Arctic region of Russia

SOME RESULTS OF GREENHOUSE GASES MONITORING IN THE ARCTIC REGION OF RUSSIA

JOURNAL: 2018, №1(29), p. 56-67

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Antonov K.L., Markelov Y.I., Markelov Y.I., Buevich A.G., Medvedev A.N., Manzhurov I.L.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Branch of the RAS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-1-56-67

UDC: 504.3:504.7

The article was received on: 24.11.2017

Keywords: greenhouse gas inventory , method of fluid-air locations, monitoring, backward trajectories, Belyy island, greenhouse gases, carbon cycle

Bibliographic description: Antonov K.L., Markelov Y.I., Markelov Y.I., Buevich A.G., Medvedev A.N., Manzhurov I.L. Some results of greenhouse gases monitoring in the Arctic region of Russia. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 1(29), pp. 56-67. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-1-56-67. (In Russian).


Abstract:

Problems of obtaining objective and reliable data on anthropogenic sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the Russian Arctic and their potential contribution to the overall greenhouse effect are discussed. Development of the technologies for modeling and forecasting the average “effective” fields of GHG concentrations and emission levels based on ground monitoring data proves to be promising direction.

The results of GHG measurements in 2015-2017 summertime from a high Arctic Belyy island (Russia) are presented. The atmospheric CO2 concentration has increased by 3.1 ppm per year, which is 1.5 times higher than the mean annual global rate during last 10 years. However, the absolute CO2 levels were significantly less than the global background, which exceeded 400 ppm in 2015. The content of the other GHGs has not changed. In summer tundra ecosystem was shown to remain a local net CH4 source in comparison to marine ecosystem. The surface methane levels formed over the island were 0.04-0.07 ppm higher than those due to wind transport from the sea. Greatest effect was observed in the exceptionally hot summer of 2016, which was likely to cause the increased emission of carbon from permafrost.

To identify remote sources, the method of fluid-air locations was adapted, based on a joint analysis of backward trajectories and the results of GHG monitoring. The zone of influence of possible remote sources on the monitoring site was simulated. It covers a large area of the Arctic Circle and has a typical size of a few thousands kilometers. Constructed average “effective” field of methane concentrations indicated spatial distribution of potential sources. They are located in the regions of hydrocarbons production in the Russian Arctic. These preliminary results require verification on long-term GHG measurements.


Finance info: Исследования выполнены при финансовой поддержке Уральского отделения РАН, проекты № 15-15-2-50 и №18-9-2-25. Для измерений концентраций парниковых газов на острове Белый была частично использована аппаратура «ЦКП арктических экологических исследований ИПЭ УрО РАН»

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594