Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Home Archive of journals No. 3(31) 2018 The magnet of globalization Chinas Arctic Policy


JOURNAL: No. 3(31) 2018, p. 112-122

HEADING: Study and development of nature resources of the Arctic

AUTHORS: Pilyasov, A.N.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute for Regional Consulting

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-3-112-122

UDC: 332.021+339.92

The article was received on: 15.05.2018

Keywords: Arctic policy, Arctic Council, Arctic governance, globalization, non-arctic countries, coastal and marine areas of the Arctic

Bibliographic description: Pilyasov, A.N. The magnet of globalization Chinas Arctic Policy. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 3(31), pp. 112-122. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-3-112-122. (In Russian).


All China’s actions in the Arctic, including the new official Arctic policy, should be understood in the context of its claim to the role of the main engine, main supporter, defender and driver of globalization in the modern world, including the Arctic. Using the example of the Arctic, China is working on a new model of globalization for humanity, which is more than the Anglo-Saxon model, based on non-market factors of scientific validity, social justice, environmental balance and unconditional respect and consideration of local specificness. China came to the Arctic later than many other non-Arctic countries and therefore can achieve tangible success in its policy if only it can offer participants a completely new agenda for discussion. It seems that the idea of globalization with the Arctic specifics, the idea of the Chinese model of globalization, practiced in the Arctic, which contains a new “white book” (Artic policy of China) — this is the new agenda. The entire spatial, institutional and functional structure of the modern development of the global Arctic in the Chinese strategy is being tested, tested by a magnet — for what is attracted to the globalization phenomenon that China wants to lead in the Arctic, and for those areas that are very much tied to the anchors of the already existing national or international order — and to which this magnet does not act. Chinese thinking in the Arctic is a map centered at the North pole: the primary “no man’s” sea space, the land outskirts are secondary. And this is very unusual for us, residents of a country with a vast Arctic land. Central to China’s Arctic strategy is the new Arctic governance, which is understood as a purely global, not domestic, phenomenon, involving the broad participation of non-Arctic players. This particular focus on Arctic governance is better understood if we recognize that the former Anglo-Saxon model of globalization failed precisely because it relied too much on market forces and market institutions and had too market-driven or weak institutions of global governance against this background. China, in its way of learning from the mistakes of its predecessors, wants to avoid them in its model of globalization and therefore for the Arctic offers an integrated system — an algorithm for the formation of the necessary global governance: understand-protect-develop-participate-manage.


1. Aziatskie igroki v Arktike: interesy, vozmozhnosti, perspektivy. Doklad  26/2016 [Asian players in the Arctic: interests, opportunities, prospects. Report No. 26/2016]. T. A. Mahmutov i dr.; gl. red. I. S. Ivanov. Ros. sovet po mezhdunar. delam (RSMD). Moscow, NP RSMD, 2016, 56 . (In Russian).

2. Karlusov V. V. Arkticheskij vektor globalizacii Kitaya. Arkticheskij region: Problemy mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva: Hrestomatiya v 3 t. T. 1 [The Arctic vector of China’s globalization. Arctic region: Problems of international cooperation: reader in 3 vol. Vol. 1]. Ros. sovet po mezhdunarodnym delam; Pod obshch. red. I. S. Ivanova. Moscow, Aspekt-Press, 2013, pp. 236—242. (In Russian).

3. KrivorotovA. K. Arkticheskaya aktivizaciya Kitaya: vzglyad iz Skandinavii. [Arctic activation of China: A view from Scandinavia]. Kitaj v mirovoj i regional’noj politike. Istoriya i sovremennost’. Vyp. 18: ezhegodnoe izdanie. Otv. redaktor-sostavitel’ E. I. Safronova. Moscow, IDV RAN, 2013, . 158—193. (In Russian).

4. Kudinova A. I. Arkticheskij vektor v politike Kitajskoj narodnoj respubliki. [Arctic vector in the policy of the eople’s Republic of China]. Vypusknaya rabota. Tyumen. gos. un-t. Tyumen’, 2016, 100 . (In Russian).

5. Tulupov D. Uchastie Kitaya v Arkticheskom sovete. [China’s participation in the Arctic Council]. Ros. sovet po mezhdunar. delam. Moscow, 2013. Available at: http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/chlenstvo-kitaya-v-arkticheskom-sovete/?sphrase_id=13118193. (In Russian).

6. Czyun’taoVan. Formy uchastiya Kitaya v mezhdunarodnoj deyatel’nosti v Arktike. [Forms of China’s participation in international activities in the Arctic]. Avtoref. dis. ... kand. polit. nauk. SPbGU. St. Petersburg, 2016. Available at: https://disser.spbu.ru/files/disser2/788/aftoreferat/DxPZNzt9BG.pdf. (In Russian).

7. Economy E. C. Beijing’s Arctic Play: Just the Tip of the Iceberg. Council on Foreign Relations. Apr. 4. 2014. Available at: https://www.cfr.org/blog/beijings-arctic-play-just-tip-iceberg.

8. Sørensen . T. N., Klimenko E. Emerging Chinese–Russian cooperation in the Arctic. Possibilities and constraints. SIPRI Policy Paper No. 46. June 2017. Available at: https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/2017-06/emerging-chinese-russian-cooperation-arctic.pdf.

9. Jakobson L. China Prepares for an Ice-Free Arctic. SIPRI Insights on Peace and Security 2010 (2). Available at: https://www.sipri.org/sites/default/files/files/insight/SIPRIInsight1002.pdf.

10. Kopra S. China’s Arctic Interests. Arctic Yearbook 2013: The Arctic of Regions versus the Globalised Arctic. Ed. L. Heininen (Akureyri: Northern Research Forum, 2013), . 107—124. Available at: https://arcticyearbook.com/ay2013/files/assets/downloads/publication.pdf.

11. Lanteigne M. China’s emerging Arctic strategies: economics and institutions. The Center for Arctic Policy Studies. Inst. for Inter. Affairs. [S. l.], 2014, 44 p.

12. Sun Kai. China and the Arctic: China’s Interests and Participation in the Region. East Asia-Arctic Relations: Boundary, Security and International Politics. Ed. Kimie Hara and Ken Coates. Waterloo, Canada, Centre for Intern. Governance Innovation, 2014, 36 p.

13. China’s Arctic Policy. The State Council Information Office of the People’s Republic of China. Jan. 2018. First Edition 2018. Available at: http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-01/26/c_136926498.htm.

14. An Integrated European Union policy for the Arctic. Joint Communication to the European Parliament and the Council. Brussels, 2016, 17 p.

15. Stiglitz J. Making Globalization Work. London, Penguin Books, 2006, 358 p.

Download »

© 2011-2024 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594