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Home Archive of journals Volume 12, No. 3, 2022 Monitoring of the methane concentration changes in the Arctic atmosphere in 20192021 according to the TROPOMI spectrometer data

MONITORING OF THE METHANE CONCENTRATION CHANGES IN THE ARCTIC ATMOSPHERE IN 20192021 ACCORDING TO THE TROPOMI SPECTROMETER DATA

JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 3, 2022, p. 304-319

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Bogoyavlensky, V.I., Sizov, O.S., Nikonov, R.A., Bogoyavlensky, I.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-3-304-319

UDC: 502.171, 504.7

The article was received on: 10.06.2022

Keywords: remote sensing of the Earth, craters of gas blowout, methane, greenhouse gases, gas emission, Yamal peninsula, thermokarst lakes, atmospheric methane concentration (AMC), TROPOMI spectrometer

Bibliographic description: Bogoyavlensky, V.I., Sizov, O.S., Nikonov, R.A., Bogoyavlensky, I.V. Monitoring of the methane concentration changes in the Arctic atmosphere in 20192021 according to the TROPOMI spectrometer data. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 304-319. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-3-304-319. (In Russian).


Abstract:

For the first time, the authors carried out a comprehensive analysis of changes in the atmospheric methane concentrations (AMC) over the land of the Circum-Arctic megaregion and the Yamal Peninsula according to the TROPOMI spectrometer in 2019—2021. They established that the average AMC in the mega-region was approximately 40—50 ppb below the global one for all three years, and also below the average for the Yamal Peninsula by 2—12 ppb. The authors revealed the regional features in the AMC changes, mainly depending on the air temperature near the earth’s surface, which affects the processes of methane emission. Despite a decrease in the AMC in most of Yamal, in relatively cold 2021, an anomalous increase in the AMC was detected in its central part, apparently associated with geological factors, including the migration of deep gas in the area of Lake Neito along faults in the gas-bearing structures of the Neytinskoye field. With the active expansion of hydrocarbon resources” development on the Yamal Peninsula, the share of the anthropogenic contribution in AMC changes seems to be negligible.


Finance info: The research was carried out according to the state assignment of the Oil and Gas Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences on the topic Rational nature management and efficient development of oil and gas resources in the Arctic and subarctic zones of the Earth in a changing climate (No. 122022800264-9).

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594