Home » Archive of journals » Volume 11, No. 2, 2021 » The rural population dynamics of in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the post-Soviet period: general trends and geographical differences
THE RURAL POPULATION DYNAMICS OF IN THE ARCTIC REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA) IN THE POST-SOVIET PERIOD: GENERAL TRENDS AND GEOGRAPHICAL DIFFERENCESJOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 2, 2021, p. 277-290
HEADING: Regional problems
AUTHORS: Savvinova, A.N., Filippova, V.V., Litvinenko, T.V.
ORGANIZATIONS: Ì. Ê. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Humanities Research and Indigenous Studies of the North of Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The article was received on: 28.10.2020
Keywords: resettlemen, Arctic regions, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), rural population, population dynamics
Bibliographic description: Savvinova, A.N., Filippova, V.V., Litvinenko, T.V. The rural population dynamics of in the Arctic regions of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the post-Soviet period: general trends and geographical differences. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 277-290. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-2-277-290. (In Russian).
The authors investigate general trends and spatial differences in the rural population dynamics in the Arctic regions (uluses) of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in relation to the ethnic factor, features of economic activity and transport accessibility of the territory using statistical, comparative geographical, cartographic and field research methods. Against the general decline by more than a quarter of the rural population of the Yakutia Arctic regions in the post-Soviet period, they obseve significant geographical differences: from a reduction by more than half in the Allaikhovskiy and Verkhnekolymskiy uluses with the smallest share of the indigenous population and industrial and transport development to the population growth in the Olenekskiy and Eveno-Bytantayskiy uluses with the largest share of indigenous peoples and reindeer herding and fishing type of economic activity. An important role in the stabilization and growth of the population in the Eveno-Bytantaysky ulus played state support measures for agriculture in breeding of Yakut aboriginal cattle, and increase in the number of people employed in agriculture. In the Oleneksky ulus, the population growth was due to the implementation of the ulus development program associated with the activities of the diamond mining company Almazy Anabara, with which signed agreements on socio-economic development positively affects the young people staying and the population growth. In the rest of the rural arctic uluses of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), despite the peculiarities of intraregional migration (the outflow of the population to the uluses of Central Yakutia and the regional center), the ethnic factor, the peculiarities of economic activity and the relative transport isolation of rural settlements indirectly contributed to the relative stability in the size of the rural population.
Finance info: Grant from the Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences of Canada; RFBR grant No. 20-09-00257 “Khatango-Anabar region in the XX — early XXI centuries: anthropology of the cultural landscape”; RFBR grant No.19-05-00822 «Small glaciers of the North of Russia in different time periods as a sensitive indicator of climate change: an assessment of the current, past and future states of the studied and newly discovered glaciers»; individual research project of Doshisha University (Japan) “Depopulation and compression of settlements in the Far North of Russia: general trends, features, geographical differences” (2020—2021).
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