Home JOURNAL HEADINGS Author Index SUBJECT INDEX INDEX OF ORGANIZATIONS Article Index
 
Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594
RuEn
Advanced
Search
ABOUT|EDITORIAL|INFO|ARCHIVE|FOR AUTHORS|SUBSCRIBE|CONTACTS
Home ї Archive of journals ї Volume 11, No. 2, 2021 ї Use of fish resources by indigenous peoples of the Nenets Autonomous Area

USE OF FISH RESOURCES BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLES OF THE NENETS AUTONOMOUS AREA

JOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 2, 2021, p. 266-276

HEADING: The quality and standard of living of North Indigenous Peoples

AUTHORS: Tortsev, A.M., Studenov, I.I., Semushin, A.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-2-266-276

UDC: 330.15:597

The article was received on: 20.02.2021

Keywords: indigenous minorities of the North, Fishery, Nenets Autonomous Area, Nenets, use of fish resources

Bibliographic description: Tortsev, A.M., Studenov, I.I., Semushin, A.V. Use of fish resources by indigenous peoples of the Nenets Autonomous Area. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 266-276. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-2-266-276. (In Russian).


Abstract:

Fishery is a traditional activity of the Nenets living in the Arctic. It complements the main type of economic activity of the Nenets — reindeer herding. The aim of the research is to summarize research data and analyze the dynamics of the use of fish resources by the Nenets in the Area territory. The Nenets often carry out fishing for free, without obtaining permits. The Nenets catch from 0,3 to 1,0 tons of fish per family annually. They use fish for their own nutrition and feeding of dogs. Fish and fish products are an important element of the traditional diet of the indigenous peoples of the North. Fishery in fishing areas by the Nenets is not in demand. State bodies provide fish resources to the Nenets for use. Only an insignificant part of the Nenets apply to obtain fish for use. In contrast, most of the family communities apply for fish resources for use. Every year the Nenets receive 108.09 tons of fish resources for use. One family uses 1,877 tons of fish. The estimated value of fish resources used by the Nenets is about 3 300 tons of fish annually. The Nenets are most active in catching pike, pelyad, vendace and whitefish. Marine fish species were not in demand among the indigenous peoples. In general, fishery plays an important but secondary role in the life of the Nenets, complementing the main activity — reindeer herding. The authors consider it necessary to improve the regulation of traditional fishing: from the declarative principle of ensuring the traditional fishing of the indigenous peoples of the North to the approved regional limits. This will allow fishery without annually sending applications to government agencies. However, it is necessary to simultaneously take into account the interests of indigenous peoples, local people and businesses. They share the same fish stocks and indigenous peoples have priority in the use of fish resources.


Finance info: We would like to express our gratitude to the management and employees of the Department of Natural Resources, Ecology and Agricultural Complex of the Nenets Autonomous Area and the Department of State Control, Supervision and Protection of Water Biological Resources in the Nenets Autonomous Area of the Severomorsk Territorial Administration of the Federal Agency for Fishery for the help in collecting information on the use of fish resources of the Area by the Nenets.

References:
  1. Nesbitt H. K., Moore J. W. Species and population diversity in Pacific salmon fisheries underpin indigenous food security. J. of Applied Ecology, 2016, vol. 53, iss. 5, pp. 1489—1499. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12717.
  2. Murashko O. A., Dallmann V. K. Transformation of the traditional way of life and nutrition of the indigenous population of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Vestn. Mosk. un-ta. Ser. 23. Antropologiya, 2011, no. 4, pp. 4—24. (In Russian).
  3. SLiCA: Arctic living conditions — Living conditions and quality of life among Inuit, Saami and indigenous peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula. Nordic Council of Ministers. Copenhagen, 2015, 429 p.
  4. Nemirovich-Danchenko V. I. The country of cold. Travel to Lapland. Moscow, EKSMO, 2019, 448 p. (In Russian).
  5. Shchelkov K. P. Research on the state of fishing in Russia. Vol. 6. Fish and animal industries in the White and Arctic Seas. Ministry of State Property. St. Petersburg, Tip. V. Bezobrazova i komp., 1862, 270 p. (In Russian).
  6. Kvashnin Yu. N. Socio-economic situation of the Nenets in Arkhangelsk province in the early 1920s (according to the materials of household censuses of 1924—1925). Vestn. arheologii, antropologii i etnografii, 2009, no. 9, pp. 102—111. (In Russian).
  7. Tutygin A. G., Chizhova L. A., Regeta A. I. Small Business in the Arctic: Preconditions for a Change in the Management Paradigm. Arktika i Sever, 2020, no. 39, pp. 37—51. (In Russian).
  8. Islam D., Berkes F. Indigenous peoples’ fisheries and food security: a case from northern Canada. Food Security, 2016, vol. 8, iss. 4, pp. 815—825. DOI: 10.1007/s12571-016-0594-6.
  9. Matvienko I. I. Analysis of the innovative development of the regions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Vopr. innovats. ekonomiki, 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 307—324. (In Russian).
  10. Tishkov A. A. “Arctic vector” in the conservation of terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2012, no. 2 (6), pp. 28—43. (In Russian).
  11. Frid A., McGreer M., Stevenson A. Rapid recovery of Dungeness crab within spatial fishery closures declared under indigenous law in British Columbia. Global Ecology and Conservation, 2016, vol. 6, pp. 48—57.
  12. Sangha K. K., Le Brocque A., Costanza R., Cadet-James Y. Ecosystems and indigenous well-being: An integrated framework. Global Ecology and Conservation, 2015, vol. 4, pp. 197—206. DOI: 10.1016/j.gecco.2015.06.008.
  13. Richmond Ch., Kerr R. B., Neufeld H., Steckley M., Wilson K., Dokis B. Supporting food security for Indigenous families through the restoration of Indigenous foodways. The Canadian Geographer, 2021, vol. 65, pp. 97—109. DOI: 10.1111/cag.12677.
  14. Tortsev A. M., Studenov I. I., Novoselov A. P. State regulation of arctic indigenous peoples’ fisheries. Russian J. of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, 2017, vol. 67, no. 7, pp. 268—277.
  15. Naves L. C., Simeone W. E., Lowe M. E., McCall V. E., Stickwan G., Brady J. Cultural Consensus on Salmon Fisheries and Ecology in the Copper River, Alaska. Arctic, 2015, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 141—282. DOI: 10.14430/arctic4482.
  16. Brattland C. Mapping Rights in Coastal Sami Seascapes. Arctic Rev. on Law and Politics, 2010, vol. 1, pp. 28—53.
  17. Thompson K.-L., Hill C., Ojeda J., Ban N. C., Picard C. R. Indigenous food harvesting as social-ecological monitoring: A case study with the Gitga’at First Nation. People and Nature, 2020, vol. 2, iss. 4, pp. 1085—1099. DOI: 10.1002/pan3.1013.
  18. Atlas W. I., Ban N. C., Moore J. W. et al. Indigenous Systems of Management for Culturally and Ecologically Resilient Pacific Salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) Fisheries. BioScience, 2021, vol. 71, iss. 2, pp. 186—204. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biaa144.
  19. Artelle K. A., Zurba M., Bhattacharrya J., Chan D. E., Brown K., Housty J., Moola F. Supporting resurgent Indigenous-led governance: A nascent mechanism for just and effective conservation. Biological Conservation, 2019, vol. 240. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108284.
  20. Lobanov A. A., Bogdanova E. N., Andronov S. V. et al. Consumption of traditional food products by the indigenous population in the context of industrial development of the Arctic zone of Western Siberia. Budushchee Arktiki nachinaetsya zdes’. Sbornik materialov II Vserossijskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, 2018, pp. 181—186. (In Russian).
  21. Tortsev A. M., Novoselov A. P. State management of water biological resources in the sphere of their provision for use by indigenous peoples of the North on the example of the Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Vopr. upravleniya, 2015, no. 2 (14), pp. 44—52. (In Russian).
  22. Yuzhakov A. A., Detter G. F. Transformation of reindeer husbandry in the Arctic in a market economy (on the example of Yamal). Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2020, no. 4 (40), pp. 139—150. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-4-139-150. (In Russian).

Download »


© 2011-2021 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594