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Home Archive of journals Issue 4(36) 2019 The Eastern Arctic facilities accelerate the Russian Far East development

THE EASTERN ARCTIC FACILITIES ACCELERATE THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST DEVELOPMENT

JOURNAL: 2019, 4(36), p. 4-15

HEADING: Economics and management in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation

AUTHORS: Leonov S.N., Zaostrovskikh E.A.

ORGANIZATIONS: Economic Research Institute of Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2019-4-4-15

UDC: 338.27(571.60)

The article was received on: 09.08.2019

Keywords: Far East, Northern Sea Route, key zones of social and economic development, Eastern Arctic, seaports

Bibliographic description: Leonov S.N., Zaostrovskikh E.A. The Eastern Arctic facilities accelerate the Russian Far East development. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2019, no. 4(36), pp. 4-15. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2019-4-4-15. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The Eastern Arctic covers 33.5% of the Far East territory. It is the northernmost, least populated, poorly developed part of the region and its potential resource store. Currently the interaction of the southern and Arctic regions of the Far East in terms of increasing the national economic space coherence becomes a major problem. According to the article the determining factor in this case is the creation of a developed transport infrastructure. The current configuration of the Eastern Arctic transport network of is simple: the Northern Sea Route is the main latitudinal artery, to which meridional (water and overland) routes run from the South. The study testifies to the fact that the intensification of state activity in the Arctic regions of the Far East enhances the transport and raw materials specialization of the Eastern Arctic, stimulating the development of the North Yakut and Chukotka social and economic key zones and supplying the system of Arctic ports of the Northern Sea Route with meridional transport lines. The paper argues that the backbone in both Far East key zones should be projects of reconstruction and development of transport and energy infrastructure, “pulling” these regions into an economically stable spatial entity — the Eastern Arctic. The study justifies the development of the Arctic ports of the Far East in the form of transport and industrial hubs; otherwise they are doomed to be ports that affect the region economy only through an increase in the volume indicators. The paper shows that Russia’s development of the Eastern Arctic not only positively affects the growth of the economic potential of the Far East, but also stimulates the interest of foreign countries, especially China, in the use of the Northern Transit transport corridor as an additional transport route for the Chinese Ice Silk Road. The current activity of China and some foreign states in the Arctic challenge Russia to preserve the Arctic region as a national resource base and transport artery. If the Russian government manages to avoid the pitfalls accumulated by the prevailing development and management practice in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, the development of the Eastern Arctic and the implementation of infrastructure projects of the Northern Sea Route will accelerate the development of the Russian Far East.


Finance info: The work was carried out in the framework of the project Far Eastern Arctic: systematic research on the development of economic mechanisms and forecasts for the implantation of new technologies for sound management of regional resources in accordance with the Priority Research Areas of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594