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Home Archive of journals Issue 4(32) 2018 Ensuring ecological safety in the development of the shelf seas resources and the environmental management on the basis of the sustainability assessment of marine ecosystems to technogenic impact

ENSURING ECOLOGICAL SAFETY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SHELF SEAS RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ON THE BASIS OF THE SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF MARINE ECOSYSTEMS TO TECHNOGENIC IMPACT

JOURNAL: 2018, 4(32), p. 55-69

RUBRIC: Ecology

AUTHORS: Drozdov V.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Krylov State Research Centre

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-4-55-69

UDC: 621.24:574.5

The article was received on: 27.07.2018

Keywords: White sea, Barents sea, ecosystem sustainability, structural and dynamic indicators of ecosystem sustainability, technogenic activity

Bibliographic description: Drozdov V.V. Ensuring ecological safety in the development of the shelf seas resources and the environmental management on the basis of the sustainability assessment of marine ecosystems to technogenic impact. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 4(32), pp. 55-69. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-4-55-69. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

The article considers the method of integrated sustainability assessment of the shelf seas ecosystems, including the Arctic, to anthropogenic impact on the basis of sound structural biocenotic, dynamic hydrological and dynamic oceanological indicators with high informational content and relative ease of determination. Three versions of the integrated index of the sustainability assessment — Integrated Assessment of Sustainable Existence (IASE) are developed using 6,9 and 15 indicators based on their quantitative values and rationing. Using the White Sea as an example, zoning of its waters is carried out in relation to assessing the degree of their sustainability. It is shown that increasing the efficiency in ensuring ecological safety and environmental management while developing mineral and biological resources of the Barents and White seas is possible on the basis of establishing the degree of sustainability of their ecosystems with further optimization of the spatial location of man-made objects and the acceptable level of anthropogenic impact on the environment. The compatibility matrices are built of technogenic activity on the sea shelf and coast with aquaculture functioning and ensuring reproduction of economically valuable populations of commercial fish in areas with integrated sustainability assessment corresponding to classes: I "very high", II "high", III "significant", V "moderate" and VII "very low". Methodological principles for the implementation of marine environmental management based on the application of the developed integral method for assessing the sustainability of marine ecosystems are substantiated. Practical use of the developed method of integrated assessment of the marine ecosystems sustainability based on the indicator approach can help to improve the effectiveness of management decisions in ensuring the environmental safety of most sectors of the marine economic complex.


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© 2011-2019 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594