Home » Archive of journals » Issue 4(32) 2018 » Mapping of plant species protected at the federal level in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation
MAPPING OF PLANT SPECIES PROTECTED AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL IN THE ARCTIC ZONE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATIONJOURNAL: 2018, ¹4(32), p. 43-54
AUTHORS: A.A. Prisyazhnaya, S.A. Kruglova, V.R. Khrisanov, V.V. Snakin
ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Basic Biological Problems of the RAS, Lomonosov Moscow State University
The article was received on: 07.08.2018
Keywords: ecological mapping, the Red Book of the Russian Federation, rare and endangered species, categories of species rarity status
Bibliographic description: A.A. Prisyazhnaya, S.A. Kruglova, V.R. Khrisanov, V.V. Snakin Mapping of plant species protected at the federal level in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 4(32), pp. 43-54. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2018-4-43-54. (In Russian).
The aim of this work is to study the peculiarities of the spatial distribution of plant species of the Russian Arctic listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. The analysis of the quantitative composition and ecological characteristics of protected plants is carried out. It is shown that out of the 76 species, 31 plant species are found only in the Russian Arctic, 23 species grow locally, 14 species are identified only in Russia, 21 species (subspecies) are recognized as endemic, only 6 species are listed in the IUCN Red List. It is noted that the proportion of protected bryophytes and lichens in the Russian Arctic is much higher than in Russia as a whole. The ratio of species with varying degrees of rarity, both for the entire territory of Russia and for the territory of the Russian Arctic is similar. It is established that the proportion of protected species in the total diversity of the corresponding taxonomic group of plants in the Arctic is almost half that of the whole country. For the first time, the article presents in its entirety cartographic material demonstrating the spatial distribution in the territory of the Russian Arctic of all plants listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. The data on species diversity and density of plant species protected at the federal level in the territories of the RF subjects included in the Russian Arctic are obtained. The territories with the highest species diversity of plants protected at the federal level are identified: these are the western and eastern regions of the Russian Arctic — the Murmansk Region and the Chukotka Autonomous National Area. Areas of species concentration of protected plants are identified: Wrangel Island, the Chukot Peninsula, the northern part of the territory of the Republic of Karelia, the Kola Peninsula, the Anadyr and the Lena watersheds.
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