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Home Archive of journals Volume 13, No. 4, 2023 Resource base of therapeutic mineral waters in the Komi Republic

RESOURCE BASE OF THERAPEUTIC MINERAL WATERS IN THE KOMI REPUBLIC

JOURNAL: Volume 13, No. 4, 2023, p. 548-558

HEADING: Study and development of nature resources of the Arctic

AUTHORS: Mityusheva, T.P.

ORGANIZATIONS: Yushkin Institute of Geology, Komi Scientific Center of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-4-548-558

UDC: 553.04:553.7:615.327 (470.1)

The article was received on: 29.05.2023

Keywords: mineral waters, therapeutic waters, natural therapeutic resources, sanatorium treatment, industrial bottling, Komi Republic

Bibliographic description: Mityusheva, T.P. Resource base of therapeutic mineral waters in the Komi Republic. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2023, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 548-558. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-4-548-558. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The Komi Republic, occupying a vast (416.8 thousand km2) territory in the European northeast with a small (less than 800 thousand people) population, belongs to the regions with poor development of the sanatorium-resort complex, though with a large potential. In the republic, the role of mineral waters as a natural healing factor is not sufficiently appreciated and the use is limited. Natural medicinal resources of the Komi Republic — different in composition and properties, according to the main balneological indicators, underground mineral waters that can have a strong physiological effect on the human body are represented by groups: bromine, iodine-bromine, boron, hydrogen sulfide, ferruginous and with a high content of organic matter, with a maximum the distribution of waters “without specific components and properties.” The general characteristics of exploited mineral water deposits are given. Highly mineralized waters and brines from three deposits are used for balneotherapy, industrial bottling is carried out at two deposits of medicinal mineral drinking waters. The degree of development of explored mineral reserves is only 1% of the total. The average value of mineral water bottled in the republic is only 5 l/year per person. On the territory of the Komi Republic in the Arctic zone there are two deposits of drinking mineral waters: Yaneytyvisskoe in the area of the city of Vorkuta and Komanyurskoe in the city of Usinsk, which are not used. On their basis, it is possible to create enterprises for the production of bottled therapeutic mineral waters. Mineral underground water deposits have not been explored within the Nenets Autonomous Area, while the Pymva-Shor thermal springs are especially promising in using for balneological purposes. The author has substantiated the wider use of mineral waters for resort and economic development of the territory.


Finance info: The work was carried out according to the state assignment Development of the mineral resource complex of the Timan-North Ural-Barents Sea region on the basis of effective forecasting, geological modeling, geological and economic assessment of resource potential and new technologies for processing minerals (No.1021051101666-2-1.5.1).

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594