Home JOURNAL HEADINGS Author Index SUBJECT INDEX INDEX OF ORGANIZATIONS Article Index
 
Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Advanced
Search
RuEn
ABOUT|EDITORIAL|INFO|ARCHIVE|FOR AUTHORS|SUBSCRIBE|CONTACTS
Home ї Archive of journals ї Volume 13, No. 2, 2023 ї Comprehensive ecological and hydrochemical zoning of the mainland part of the Russian Arctic zone in the context of the region sustainable development

COMPREHENSIVE ECOLOGICAL AND HYDROCHEMICAL ZONING OF THE MAINLAND PART OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC ZONE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE REGION SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

JOURNAL: Volume 13, No. 2, 2023, p. 234-247

HEADING: Ecology

AUTHORS: Reshetnyak, O.S., Kovalenko, A.A.

ORGANIZATIONS: Hydrochemical Institute, Southern Federal University

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-2-234-247

UDC: 504.06

The article was received on: 11.10.2022

Keywords: anthropogenic stress, Arctic zone, ecological zoning, water quality, water chemistry stability, environmental stress degree

Bibliographic description: Reshetnyak, O.S., Kovalenko, A.A. Comprehensive ecological and hydrochemical zoning of the mainland part of the Russian Arctic zone in the context of the region sustainable development. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2023, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 234-247. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2023-2-234-247. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The authors consider the main methodological approaches developed in Russia to the ecological zoning of the Arctic territory. This is important in the context of implementing the concept of the territory sustainable development. The authors propose to implement an approach of the comprehensive zoning of the mainland part of the Arctic zone according to the environmental stress degree of the territory. To implement this, the authors chose indicators that characterize the water ecosystems condition and the demographic load level.
The water quality of the rivers in the European part of the Russia Arctic zone belongs to the 3rd and 4th quality classes, of the rivers in the West Siberian part — to the 4th and 5th classes and of the rivers in the East Siberian part — to the 3rd quality class. The researchers have carried out a conditional scoring of the state of river ecosystems according to the water chemical composition stability. It has proved that most stretches of the Arctic rivers function under conditions of relative stability of the water chemical composition (characterized as “slightly disturbed”). The anthropogenic load level has been evaluated according to the modules of the chemical runoff of ammonium nitrogen, organic substances and oil products. The evaluation has shown that the anthropogenic load is characterized as “low” or “moderate” for the rivers of Eastern Siberia and “high” and “very high” for the river mouths of the Pechora basin and the rivers of Western Siberia.
The authors have implemented a comprehensive zoning of the Russian Arctic zone according to the environmental stress degree. The map shows that most of the river ecosystems in the Arctic zone are in a “relatively satisfactory” or “stressed” condition.
The results are of great importance and will be useful for predicting water quality and developing environmentally sound water protection measures aimed at preserving and restoring vulnerable river ecosystems in the Arctic region.


Finance info: The study was carried out with the financial support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of the scientific project No.†18-05-60165.

References:

1. Tishkov A. A. “The Arctic Vector” in Conservation of Terrestrial Ecosystems and Biodiversity. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 2012, no. 2, pp. 28—43. (In Russian).

2. Geoecological condition of the Arctic coast of Russia and environmental safety. Ed. by N. I. Alekseevsky. Moscow, GEOS, 2007, 585 p. (In Russian).

3. Rumyantsev V. A., Izmailova A. V. Zoning of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation as the basis for the development of a system of freshwater observations. Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki, 2022, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 173—190. (In Russian).

4. Civil Protection: Encyclopedic Dictionary. Ed. by V. A. Puchkov. Moscow, FGBU VNII GOChS (FTs), 2015, 664 p. (In Russian).

5. Korobov V. B., Kochurov B. I., Tutygin A. G. Methodology of zoning of complex geographical and ecological objects by expert statistical methods. Problemy regional’noi ekologii, 2020, no. 5, pp. 42—48. DOI: 10.24412/1728-323X-2020-5-42-48. (In Russian).

6. Nikanorov A. M., Ivanov V. V., Bryzgalo V. A. Rivers of the Russian Arctic in modern conditions of anthropogenic impact. Rostov-na-Donu, NOK, 2007, 280 p. (In Russian).

7. Nikanorov A. M., Bryzgalo V. A., Reshetnyak O. S. Rivers of Russia in emergency environmental situations. Rostov-na-Donu, NOK, 2012, 310 p. (In Russian).

8. Nikanorov A. M., Reshetnyak O. S., Bryzgalo V. A. et al. Environmentally acceptable levels of impact on river ecosystems in the Arctic region. Meteorologiya i gidrologiya, 2013, no. 3, pp. 85—93. (In Russian).

9. Nikanorov A. M., Bryzgalo V. A., Kosmenko L. S. et al. Rivers of the mainland of the Russian Arctic. Rostov-na-Donu, Izd-vo Yuzhnogo federal’nogo universiteta, 2016, 276 p. (In Russian).

10. Dmitriev V. G. Semi-empirical method for assessing the environmental risk of the shelf and coastal Arctic zone for key Arctic regions. Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki, 2013, no. 4, pp. 96—103. (In Russian).

11. Kozhukhov I. V., Firsov Yu. G. Gordienko N. Yu. The Northern Region of the Russian Federation as an environmental Risk Zone and a new technological stage of Arctic development. Ekspluatatsiya morskogo transporta, 2013, no. 2, pp. 73—78. (In Russian).

12. Bol’shagin A. Yu., Vyalyshev A. I., Dobrov V. M. et al. Integrated monitoring is an integral part of the security of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 2014, no. 1, pp. 48—37. (In Russian).

13. Kochurov B. I., Zotova L. I., Tumel’ N. V. Ecodiagnostics of dangerous geoecological situations in the economic development of the cryolithozone. Problemy regional’noi ekologii, 2015, no. 4, pp. 157—164. (In Russian).

14. Chernyshov V. I. System fundamentals of environmental management: textbook. Moscow, Izd-vo RUDN, 2001, 341 p. (In Russian).

15. Bredikhin A. V., Eremenko E. A., Kharchenko S. V. et al. Zoning of the Russian Arctic by types of anthropogenic development and associated relief transformation based on cluster analysis. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 5. Geografiya, 2020, no. 1, pp. 42—56. (In Russian).

16. Selin V. S., Vyshinskaya Yu. V. Regulatory regulation and integrated natural and economic zoning of the North and the Arctic. Trudy Karel’skogo nauchnogo tsentra RAS, 2013, no. 5, pp. 31—39. (In Russian).

17. Tikhonova T. V. Sustainability of the natural environment of the Pechora-Ural Arctic. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 2012, no. 4 (8), pp. 16—25. (In Russian).

18. Reshetnyak V. N., Reshetnyak O. S. Stability of river ecosystems of the West Siberian part of the Arctic based on trends in the content of chemicals. Regional’nye problemy razvitiya Dal’nego Vostoka Rossii i Arktiki. Tezisy dokladov I Natsional’noi (Vserossiiskoi) nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii, posvyashchennoi pamyati kamchatskogo uchenogo R. S. Moiseeva. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii, Kamchatpress, 2019, pp. 64—67. (In Russian).

19. RD 52.24.643-2002. Methodical instructions. The method of complex assessment of the degree of contamination of surface waters of the land by hydrochemical indicators. St. Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat, 2003, 49 p. (In Russian).

20. Bryzgalo V. A., Nikanorov A. M., Kosmenko L. S. et al. Estuarine ecosystems of large rivers of Russia: anthropogenic load and ecological condition. Rostov-na-Donu, Izd-vo Yuzhnogo federal’nogo universiteta, 2015, 164 p. (In Russian).

21. R 52.24.776-2012. Recommendations. Assessment of anthropogenic load and risk of impact on estuaries of rivers, taking into account their regional characteristics. Rostov-na-Donu, Rosgidromet, FSBI “GKhI”, 2012, 32 p. (In Russian).

22. Ecological Atlas of the Rostov region. Ed by V. E. Zakrutkin. Rostov-na-Donu, Izd-vo SKNTs VSh, 2000, 120 p. (In Russian).

23. Fauzer V. V., Smirnov A. V. The World Arctic: natural resources, population settlement, economy. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 2018, no. 3 (31), pp. 6—22. (In Russian).

24. Rivers of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation: GIS resources. Gidrokhimicheskii institute. Available at: https://gidrohim.com/node/71.

25. Reshetnyak O. S., Kosmenko L. S., Danilenko A. O. et al. Rivers of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation: long-term trends in the quality and degree of pollution of river waters. Trudy III Vserossiiskoi konferentsii “Gidrometeorologiya i ekologiya: dostizheniya i perspektivy razvitiya”. St. Petersburg, Khimizdat, 2019, pp. 735—738. (In Russian).

26. Nikanorov A. M., Bryzgalo V. A., Chernogaeva G. M. Anthropogenic-altered natural background and its formation in freshwater ecosystems of Russia. Meteorologiya i gidrologiya, 2007, no. 11. pp. 62—79. (In Russian).

27. Reshetnyak O. S., Kosmenko L. S., Kovalenko A. A. Anthropogenic load in terms of chemical runoff and water quality at the outlets of the rivers of the Arctic zone of Russia. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 5. Geografiya, 2022, no. 3, pp. 3—17. (In Russian).


Download »


© 2011-2024 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594