Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Home Archive of journals Volume 12, No. 2, 2022 The use of granular foam-glass ceramic in the Arctic construction of low-rise buildings


JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 2, 2022, p. 271-280

HEADING: New technologies for the Arctic

AUTHORS: Melnikov, V.P., Melnikova, A.A., Ivanov, K.S.

ORGANIZATIONS: Tyumen Scientific Center of SB RAS, Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Natural Rehabilitation Complex GNEZDO

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-271-280

UDC: 624.139

The article was received on: 04.08.2021

Keywords: mineral resources, thermal effect, technogenic safety, problems of construction in permafrost, architectural and construction features

Bibliographic description: Melnikov, V.P., Melnikova, A.A., Ivanov, K.S. The use of granular foam-glass ceramic in the Arctic construction of low-rise buildings. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 271-280. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-271-280. (In Russian).


Construction on permafrost in the harsh climatic conditions of the Arctic requires the use of both innovative materials and special engineering solutions. It is well known that the heat released during the operation of buildings can cause thawing of a frozen base, which leads to a loss of stability, irreversible deformations and the occurrence of accidents. One of the problem solutions is to maintain the base of the structure in a frozen state throughout the entire period of operation by using heat-insulating materials. The Arctic zone of Russia has inexhaustible local raw materials: opal-cristobalite and zeolite rocks for obtaining environmentally friendly heat-insulating material and providing the regional construction industry. Thus the authors propose a new technology of low-rise construction on permafrost foundations with the use of granulated foam-glass ceramic. They aim the study at the establishing the effect of a heat-insulating layer of granules on the temperature regime of permafrost foundation of low-rise building.
The use of the mathematical modeling method enables the authors to analyze the thermal interaction of a heated building with permafrost foundation and assess the effectiveness of the proposed technology. The main properties of granulated foam-glass ceramic are: granule size 10–20 mm, bulk density 250 kg/m3, compressive strength in a cylinder 1,8 MPa, effective thermal conductivity of the granule layer in the compacted state 0,08 W/(m·°C).
Based on the calculated data, the authors select design solutions that allow the operation of low-rise buildings while maintaining the bases in a frozen state, as a result of which, the stability and bearing capacity increase. The research results contribute to the trouble-free operation of buildings in the permafrost zone and the rational development of the Arctic zone of Russia. Taking into account the remoteness of the Arctic from the industrially developed regions, a significant economic effect in low-rise construction can be achieved through the creation of a production of granular foam-glass ceramic near construction sites.

Finance info: The work was carried out according to the state assignment No. -17-117051850061-9.


1. Melnikov V. P., Melnikova A. A., Anikin G. V., Ivanov K. S., Spasennikova K. A. Engineering Solutions for Building on Permafrost in Perspective Energy-efficient Enhancement. riosfera zemli, 2014, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 82—90. (In Russian).
2. Melnikov V. P., Anikin G. V., Spasennikova K. A. Operation of Thermosyphons Beneath an Oil Tank at the Varandey Field: Prediction by Stochastic Analysis. Earth’s Cryosphere, 2019, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 54—61. DOI: 10.21782/EC2541-9994-2019-1(54-61).
3. SP 25.13330.2012. Foundations and foundations on permafrost soils. Moscow, FTSS, 2012, 120 p. (In Russian).
4. SP 313.1325800.2017. Automobile roads in permafrost regions. Design and construction rules. Moscow, Standartinform, 2018, 74 p. (In Russian).
5. Goltsman B. M., Yatsenko L. A., Goltsman N. S. Production of Foam Glass Materials From Silicate Raw Materials by Hydrate Mechanism. Solid State Phenomena, 2020, vol. 299, pp. 293—298. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.299.293.
6. Konovalova N., Pankov P., Rush E., Avseenko N., Bespolitov D. Environmentally Friendly Road-building Thermal Insulating Materials Based on Zeolite-containing Rocks. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, 2021, vol. 141, pp. 103—109. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-67654-4_12.
7. Ivanov K. S. Preparation and Properties of Foam Glass-ceramic from Diatomite. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Mater. Sci. Ed., 2018, vol. 33, pp. 273—277. DOI 10.1007/s11595-018-1817-8.
8. Smirnov P. V., Ivanov K. S. Resource potential of the r. Tomcharu-Yaha for diatomite raw materials. Geologiya i miner.-syrevye resursy Sibiri, 2015, no. 2, pp. 97—103. (In Russian).
9. GOST 9758—2012. Porous inorganic aggregates for construction work. Test methods. Moscow, Standartinform, 2014, 84 p. (In Russian).
10. GOST 7076—99. Building materials and products. Method for determination of thermal conductivity and thermal resistance under stationary thermal conditions. Moscow, Standartinform, 2000, 24 p. (In Russian).
11. Markov Y. V. Technique for providing engineering protection against frost heaving of underground pipelines using a soil cushion. Izv. vyssh. ucheb. zavedenii. Neft i gaz, 2018, no. 3, pp. 91—101. (In Russian).
12. Chen L., Fortier D., McKenzie J. M., Sliger M. Impact of Heat Advection on the Thermal Regime of Roads Built on Permafrost. Hydrological Processes, 2020, vol. 34 (7), pp. 1647—1664. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.13688.
13. Kondratyev V. G., Valiyev N. A., Kondratyev S. V. Subgrade of roads on icy permafrost: problems and solutions. Vtoroy Mezhdunarodnyi simpozium po problemam zemlyanogo polotna v kholodnykh regionakh. Materialy simpoziuma. Novosibirsk, 2015, pp. 26—33 (In Russian).

Download »

© 2011-2023 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594