Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Home Archive of journals Volume 12, No. 2, 2022 Environmentally permissible levels of metals in the Lake Bienda-Stemme (West Spitsbergen)


JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 2, 2022, p. 183-190

HEADING: Ecology

AUTHORS: Frumin, G.T., Demeshkin, A.S., Malikov, U.M.

ORGANIZATIONS: Northwest Branch of RPA Typhoon, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Bonch-Bruevich Saint Petersburg State University of Telecommunications

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-183-190

UDC: 574.5

The article was received on: 12.09.2021

Keywords: metals, ecological regulation, environmentally permissible levels, clarkes

Bibliographic description: Frumin, G.T., Demeshkin, A.S., Malikov, U.M. Environmentally permissible levels of metals in the Lake Bienda-Stemme (West Spitsbergen). Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 183-190. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-2-183-190. (In Russian).


The relevance of the study is due to the need to improve integrated environmental monitoring for the Russian Federation in fulfilling its international obligations to monitor heavy metals in the Arctic. The article considers the calculations of environmentally permissible levels of metals in Lake Bienda-Stemme. The authors present the calculation results of environmentally permissible levels (EAL) of seven metals in the water of Lake Bienda-Stemme (iron, manganese, nickel, lead, cadmium, zinc, copper). They reveal a statistically significant relationship between the EAL values and metal clarkes in the earth’s crust.

Finance info: The study was carried out under the state assignment on the topic Theoretical and methodological substantiation, mathematical tool and models for the integrated assessment of the ecological status and well-being of water bodies, supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research within the framework of project No.19-05-00683a


1. Volkov I. V., Zalicheva I. N., Ganina V. S. On the principles of regulation of anthropogenic load on aquatic ecosystems. Vod. resursy, 1993, vol. 20, . 707—713. (In Russian).

2. Levich A. P., Bulgakov N. G., Risnik D. V., Milko E. S. Ecological control of the environment according to the data of biological and physicochemical monitoring of natural objects. Komp’yuter. issled. i modelirovanie, 2010, no. 2, . 199—207. (In Russian).

3. Dmitriev V. V., Frumin G. T. Environmental regulation and sustainability of natural systems. St. Petersburg, Nauka, 2004, 294 p. (In Russian).

4. Demin Yu. N., Graevsky A. P., Demeshkin A. S., Vlasov S. V., Krylov S. S., Laletin N. A. The state and trends of changes in environmental pollution in the places of economic activity of enterprises on the Spitsbergen archipelago (the village of Barentsburg and adjacent territories) for the period 2002—2010. St. Petersburg, AANII, 2011, 316 p. (In Russian).

5. Zamolodchikov D. G. Assessment of ecologically acceptable levels of anthropogenic impact on freshwater ecosystems. Problems of ecological monitoring and modeling of ecosystems. Vol. 15. St. Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat, 1993, . 214—233. (In Russian).

6. Zaburdaeva E. A. Graduation of diversity indices and the search for ecologically acceptable levels of abiotic factors (on the example of water bodies of the Don River). Komp’yuter. issled. i modelirovanie, 2009, vol. 1, no. 2, . 199—207. (In Russian).

7. Timoshenko L. N. Environmentally acceptable levels of chemical substances in water bodies of the Vologda region. Uchenyye zap. RGGMU, 2014, no. 33, . 119—125. (In Russian).

8. Frumin G. T. Environmentally permissible concentrations of metals in the rivers of St. Petersburg. Ekol. khimiya, 2020, no. 29 (4), . 175—178. (In Russian).

9. Frumin G. T. Environmentally permissible levels of metal impact on aquatic ecosystems. Biologiya vnutr. vod, 2015, no. 24 (2), . 105—110. (In Russian).

10. Maksimov V. N., Dzhabrueva L. V., Bulgakov N. G., Terekhin A. T. The concept of identifying stress states of aquatic ecosystems by the method of rank distributions and ecologically permissible levels of pollutants for water bodies of the river Elista. Vod. resursy, 1997, vol. 24, no. 1, . 79—85. (In Russian).

11. Frumin G. T., Demeshkin A. S. Ecological and toxicological assessment of water quality in Lake Bienda-Stemme (Western Spitsbergen). Ekol. khimiya, 2020, no. 29 (4), . 175—178. (In Russian).

12. Patin S. A. Impact of pollution on biological resources and productivity of the World Ocean. Moscow, Food industry, 1979, 304 p. (In Russian).

13. The list of fishery standards, maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) and tentatively safe exposure levels (TSEL) of harmful substances for the water of water bodies of fishery importance. Moscow, VNIRO, 1999, 304 p. (In Russian).

14. Ovchinnikov L. N. Applied Geochemistry. Moscow, Nedra, 1990, 248 p. (In Russian).

15. Makarova N. V., Trofimets V. Ya. Statistics in Excel. Moscow, Finance and statistics, 2002, 252 p. (In Russian).

Download »

© 2011-2024 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594