Home JOURNAL HEADINGS Author Index SUBJECT INDEX INDEX OF ORGANIZATIONS Article Index
 
Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594 | ISSN 2949-110X
Advanced
Search
RuEn
ABOUT|EDITORIAL|INFO|ARCHIVE|FOR AUTHORS|SUBSCRIBE|CONTACTS
Home Archive of journals Volume 11, No. 4, 2021 Assessment of energy-related environmental impacts during the implementation of promising projects for the development of deposits in the Arctic territories of the Russian eastern regions

ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY-RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS DURING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROMISING PROJECTS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF DEPOSITS IN THE ARCTIC TERRITORIES OF THE RUSSIAN EASTERN REGIONS

JOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 4, 2021, p. 466-480

HEADING: Ecology

AUTHORS: Saneev, B.G., Maysyuk, E.P., Ivanova, I.Y.

ORGANIZATIONS: Melentiev Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-4-466-480

UDC: 620.9:502.15(571.65)

The article was received on: 17.05.2021

Keywords: Arctic zone, greenhouse gases, environmental problems, emission of pollutants, energy (power) facilities, promising projects, deposits of mineral resources

Bibliographic description: Saneev, B.G., Maysyuk, E.P., Ivanova, I.Y. Assessment of energy-related environmental impacts during the implementation of promising projects for the development of deposits in the Arctic territories of the Russian eastern regions. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 466-480. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-4-466-480. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The ecological aspects of the functioning of energy facilities in the Arctic zones of the eastern regions of Russia are of increasing importance for the strategic interests of the country, on the one hand, and due to the specific features of territories with a weak ability to restore the natural environment, on the other hand. The studies carried out at the Energy Systems Institute of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences revealed the fact that the current environmental situation in the eastern regions of the Arctic is unfavorable.

Promising projects for the development of mineral deposits are associated with an increase in the consumption of all types of energy resources. In addition, this will require intensive development of the energy sector: from the expansion of existing power facilities to the construction of new ones using associated petroleum gas, and possibly LNG. In general, the implementation of projects will lead to the following distribution of the total emission of pollutants from the energy sector: 47% — the Taimyr-Turukhan zone, 30% — the North Yakutsk zone with a predominant contribution from coal-fired boilers, and, accordingly, 23% of all emissions will enter the atmosphere of the Chukotka zone, where coal-fired boiler houses also prevail.

With the implementation of advanced development projects, CO2 emissions will also increase from 7 to 16.6 million tons with their predominance in the Taimyr-Turukhan zone (11,9 million tons).

Thus, the assessment of the environmental impact from the development of promising deposits in the Arctic territories of the eastern regions of Russia has shown that the emissions of pollutants will increase by 1.6-1.8 times, and those of carbon dioxide by 2.2-2.3 times. Given that the particulate matter will remain the main impurity in the composition of pollutants (up to 35-37%) due to the existing power facilities, coal-fired thermal power plants and boiler houses need a large-scale modernization of the collection equipment. Sulfur dioxides are becoming another predominant impurity, mainly due to newly commissioned facilities running on associated petroleum gas. Therefore, it is necessary to envisage measures to reduce them.


Finance info: The work was carried out within the framework of the state assignment project of the Russian Federation Program of fundamental research Comprehensive studies of the priorities of the spatial energy development in the Asian regions of Russia, taking into account the trends in the technological development of the countrys fuel and energy complex and energy cooperation with the countries of Northeast Asia. Topic number: WFEU-2021-0004. Registration number: AAAA-A21-121012090010-7.

References:
  1. Maysyuk E. P., Ivanova I. Yu. Environmental assessment of the current state of the environment in the eastern sector of the Russian Arctic: contribution of energy objects. Energeticheskaya politika, 2021, no. 5, pp. 27—38. (In Russian).
  2. Saneev B. G., Ivanova I. Yu., Izhbuldin A. K., Tuguzova T. F. Fuel for consumers in the Eastern Arctic region. Energeticheskaya politika, 2021, no. 7, pp. 14—26. (In Russian).
  3. Saneev B. G., Ivanova I. Yu., Korneev A. G. Assessment of electrical loads of potential projects for the development of mineral resources in the eastern regions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2020, no. 1 (37), pp. 4—14. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-1-4-14. (In Russian).
  4. The method of determining emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere when burning fuel in boilers with a capacity of less than 30 tons of steam per hour or less than 20 Gcal per hour. Moscow, Gos. komitet po okhrane okruzhayushchei sredy Rossiiskoi Federatsii (pri uchastii firmy “Integral”, Sankt-Peterburg), 1999, 53 p. (In Russian).
  5. Methodological letter of the Scientific Research Institute Atmosphere no.335 / 33-07 dated May 17, 2000 “On the calculation of emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere according to Methodology for determining emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere when fuel is burned in boilers with a capacity of less than 30 tons of steam per hour or less 20 Gcal per hour (Moscow, 1999)”. St. Petersburg, NII Atmosfera, 2000, 20 p. (In Russian).
  6. The method of determining the gross emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere from boiler plants TPP. RD 34.02.305-98/VTI. Moscow, 1998. (In Russian).
  7. The method of calculating emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere from stationary diesel installations. M-vo prirod. resursov Rossiiskoi Federatsii; NII Atmosfera: Firma “Integral”. St. Petersburg, 2001, 15 p. (In Russian).
  8. National pollutant inventory. Emission estimation technique manual for combustion in boilers. Version 3.6. Australian Government, Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Commubities. [S. l.], 2011, 55 p.
  9. EEA Report No 13/2019 Technical guidance to prepare national emission inventories. The joint EMEP/EEA air pollutant emission inventory guidebook 2019. Available at: https://www.eea.europa.eu/ru/publications/rukovodstvo-emep-eaos-po-inventarizaciivybrosov-2019.
  10. Methodological guidelines and guaidance of quantitative determination of volumes of greenhouse gas emissions by the organizations undertaking economic and other activities in the Russian Federation. Approved by the Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia of 30.06.2015. Available at: http://sro150.ru/metodiki/371-metodika-rascheta-vybrosov-parnikovykh-gazov. (In Russian).
  11. IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Vol. 2, 2006, 47 pp. Available at: https://www.ipcc-nggip.iges.or.jp/public/2006gl/russian/pdf/2_Volume2/V2_2_Ch2_Stationary_Combustion.pdf.
  12. Davaahuu N., Potravnyi I. M., Miloslavskii V. G., Utkin I. I. Substantiation and mechanism of implementation of the coal gasification project in the Russian Arctic. Ugol’, 2019, no. 9, pp. 88—93. DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2019-9-88-93. (In Russian).
  13. Maysyuk E. P., Ivanova I. Yu. Environmental assessment of different fuel types for energy production in the Arctic territories of the Far East. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2020, no. 1 (37), pp. 26—36. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-1-26-36. (In Russian).
  14. On the Concept of development of geological exploration works for the creation of a fuel and energy complex on the territory of the Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets Autonomous Okrug). Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/432848346. (In Russian).
  15. Vyalov V. I., Gurevich A. B., Volkova G. M., Skiba D. A., Shishov E. P., Chernyshev A. A. Coking coals of the Arctic zone of Russia. Georesursy, 2019, no. 21 (3), pp. 107—124. Available at: https://doi.org/10.18599/grs.2019.3.107-124. (In Russian).
  16. Markov A. G. Prospects for the use of coal in the northern part of the Taimyr basin. Sed’maya nauchno-prakticheskaya shkola-konferentsiya molodykh uchenykh i spetsialistov s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem “Geologiya, poiski i kompleksnaya otsenka mestorozhdenii tverdykh poleznykh iskopaemykh”. Tezisy dokladov. Moscow, VIMS, 2017, pp. 75—76. (In Russian).
  17. Qualitative characteristics of Russian coal products. Informatsionno-spravochnoe izdanie. Moscow, Rosinformugol’, 2006, 258 p. (In Russian).
  18. Purification of Emissions of Harmful (Polluting) Substances into the Air During Manufacturing Products (Goods), as well as During Conducting Work and the Providing Services at Large Enterprises. Information and Technical Reference on the Best Available Technologies (ITS 22-2016). Fed. agentstvo po tekhn. regulirovaniyu i metrologii. Byuro NDT. Moscow, 2016, 212 p. (In Russian).
  19. Combustion of fuel in large installations for energy production. Information and Technical Guide to the Best Available Technologies (ITS 38-2017). Feder. agentstvo po tekhn. regulirovaniyu i metrologii. Byuro NDT. Moscow, 2017, 280 p. (In Russian).
  20. Report on the sustainable development of the Norilsk Nickel Group of Companies for 2019. Available at: https://www.nornickel.ru/files/ru/CSOpdf/NN2019_Digital.pdf. (In Russian).

Download »


© 2011-2024 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594