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Home ї Archive of journals ї Volume 11, No. 1, 2021 ї Impact of state support on the development of agriculture and rural areas in the European North of Russia

IMPACT OF STATE SUPPORT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AREAS IN THE EUROPEAN NORTH OF RUSSIA

JOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 1, 2021, p. 135-145

HEADING: Regional problems

AUTHORS: Smirnova, V.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, St. Petersburg Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-135-145

UDC: 332.13

The article was received on: 09.07.2020

Keywords: state programs, agriculture, subsidies, investments, concentration of production, rural population, rural areas

Bibliographic description: Smirnova, V.V. Impact of state support on the development of agriculture and rural areas in the European North of Russia. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 135-145. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-135-145. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The article analyzes the development dependence of agriculture and rural areas of the European North on the current state programs. The downward trend in the living standards of the rural population developed in the 90s and continues to the present. Using the example of the Northwestern Federal District, the author analyzed the main stages of state regulation of agriculture. At the “free market” stage, an orientation towards the import of all food products prevailed, which led not only to a reduction in agricultural production, but also to deterioration in the diet of northerners. Subsidies to the agro-industrial complex do not take into account regional specifics: they are aimed at stimulating megaprojects that are not competitive in the climatic conditions of the North of Russia. For the rational distribution of production, it is necessary to attract investments in medium and small farms, but they are not among the priority projects. These farms maintain profitability even with minimal subsidies and create jobs for the rural population. The programs of integrated rural development for 2020-2025 adopted in the subjects of the Russian Federation cannot solve the set of tasks due to insufficient amount of allocated funds.


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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594