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Home Archive of journals Volume 11, No. 1, 2021 Fundamental aspects of the catastrophic gas blowout genesis and the formation of giant craters in the Arctic

FUNDAMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE CATASTROPHIC GAS BLOWOUT GENESIS AND THE FORMATION OF GIANT CRATERS IN THE ARCTIC

JOURNAL: Volume 11, No. 1, 2021, p. 51-66

HEADING: Research activities in the Arctic

AUTHORS: Bogoyavlensky, V.I.

ORGANIZATIONS: Oil and Gas Research Institute of RAS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-51-66

UDC: 502.171, 504.4, 504.7

The article was received on: 01.12.2020

Keywords: Bovanenkovo field, gas hydrates, remote sensing of the Earth, heat flow, thermokarst, Yamal peninsula, gas-saturated cavities, cryolithosphere, geothermy, ice melting, abnormally high reservoir pressures (AHRP)

Bibliographic description: Bogoyavlensky, V.I. Fundamental aspects of the catastrophic gas blowout genesis and the formation of giant craters in the Arctic. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2021, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 51-66. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2021-1-51-66. (In Russian).


Abstract:

The article considers the fundamental aspects of powerful explosive degassing of the Earth in the north of Western Siberia (mainly Yamal). The author presents the results of a comprehensive analysis and compilation of a large volume of factual materials obtained during field studies of a number of catastrophic gas blowout objects in 2014—2020. The author outlines that most of the craters found in Yamal are confined to the zone of anomalous heat flow in the area of the Bovanenkovskoye field. The researcher substantiates the process formation model of gas-saturated cavities in the massifs of ground ice, heaving mounds, blowouts and self-ignition of gas with the formation of giant craters and formulates the main features of powerful explosive degassing in the Arctic.


Finance info: The research was conducted according to the state assignment on the topic Rational nature management and effective development of oil and gas resources of the Arctic and Sub-Arctic zones of the Earth (No. -19-119021590079-6). The author is grateful: to the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Government of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District for continuous support of scientific research in the Arctic; to PJSC NOVATEK and OJSC Yamal LNG for their extensive and repeated assistance in organizing fields studies; to PJSC Gazprom for assistance in scientific research

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594