Home Rubrics of the Journal Author Index Index ompany directory Article Index
 
Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594
RuEn
Advanced
Search
ABOUT|EDITORIAL|INFO|ARCHIVE|FOR AUTHORS|SUBSCRIBE|CONTACTS
Home Archive of journals Issue 3(35) 2019 Mineral and raw material base of the Karelian Arctic: prospects of development and exploration

MINERAL AND RAW MATERIAL BASE OF THE KARELIAN ARCTIC: PROSPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT AND EXPLORATION

JOURNAL: 2019, 3(35), p. 123-134

RUBRIC: Study and development of nature resources of the Arctic

AUTHORS: Ivashchenko V.I., Shchiptsov V.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Geology of the Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2019-3-123-134

UDC: 553.04(470.22)

The article was received on: 01.04.2019

Keywords: Arctic zone, deposit, mineral resource base, Precambrian, Karelia, minerageny, noble metals, molybdenum, industrial minerals

Bibliographic description: Ivashchenko V.I., Shchiptsov V.V. Mineral and raw material base of the Karelian Arctic: prospects of development and exploration. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2019, no. 3(35), pp. 123-134. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2019-3-123-134. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

The minerageny the Karelian Arctic territory is determined by endogenous processes that developed during the formation of the Archean greenstone belts (Mo, Au, Re), structural-material complexes of the Proterozoic North Norvegian-Onega Rift (Pt, Pd, Au, U) and of the Svecofennian metamorphogenic collage of the White Sea Rift (Pt, Pd, Au, industrial minerals). Its mineral and raw material base as part of a wide range of deposits of highly demanded industrial minerals and strategic and scarce metals is currently practically not used, although it has real prerequisites for its long-term development.

It includes large resources of gold (~440 tons), platinum group metals (~270 tons), molybdenum (~240 thousand tons), kyanite (~11 million tons), garnet (~60 million tons), feldspar raw materials (8,2 million tons) and other industrial minerals (high-purity quartz, fine-flaked muscovite, ilmenite), as well as non-conventional minerals (quartz porphyry, nepheline and alkaline syenites, anorthosites, olivinites and dunites). The ore objects of the Karelian Arctic, most prepared for industrial exploitation, are porphyritic deposits of molybdenum (Lobash) and gold (Lobash-1) and metamorphogenic — kyanite (Khizovaarskoe) and garnet (Terbeostrov, Hill-181).

The development of the mineral resource base of the Karelian Arctic is promoted by: the territory favorable geographical position; temperate climate; developed transport and energy infrastructure; positive results of ore technological tests of deposits of noble metals, molybdenum and industrial minerals. The development is hampered by the lack of a comprehensive target program for the development of the Karelian Arctic mining complex, imperfect regulatory and legislative framework for subsoil use, lack of geological and economic research to develop optimal schemes for rational, integrated and environmentally safe use of mineral resources coupled with the organization of raw material deep processing and finding the efficient involvement forms for both the state and private business.


Reference:

1. Dodin D. A. Minerageniya Arktiki. [Minerageny of the Arctic]. Litosfera, 2009, no. 5, pp. 15—35. (In Russian).

2. Dobretsov N. L., Pokhilenko N. P. Mineral resources and development in the Russian Arctic. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 2010, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 98—111.

3. Bortnikov N. S., Lobanov K. V., Volkov A. V. et al. Strategic Metal Deposits of the Arctic Zone. Geology of Ore Deposits, 2015, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 433—453. DOI:10.1134/S1075701515060021.

4. Volkov A. V., Galyamov A. L., Sidorov A. A. Problemy osvoeniya mineral’nykh resursov Arktiki (na primere Chukotki i Alyaski). [Problems of the arctic mineral resources development (in terms of Chukotka and Alaska)]. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika, 2018, no. 4 (32), pp. 4—14. (In Russian).

5. Shchiptsov V. V., Ivashchenko V. I. Mineral’no-syr’evoi potentsial arkticheskikh raionov Respubliki Kareliya. [Mineral potential of Arctic Karelia]. Tr. KarNTs RAN. Ser. Geologiya dokembriya, 2018, no. 2, pp. 3—33. DOI: 10.17076/geo775. (In Russian).

6. Kerrich R., Goldfarb R., Groves D., Garwin S., Jia Y. The characteristics, origin, and geodynamic settings of supergiant gold metallogenic provinces.Science in China (Series D), 2000, no. 43, pp. 1—68.

7. Daly J. S., Balagansky V. V., Timmerman M. J., Whitehouse M. J. The Lapland—Kola orogen: Palaeoproterozoic collision and accretion of the northern Fennoscandian lithosphere. European Lithosphere Dynamics. Geological Society. London: Memoirs, 2006, no. 32 (1), pp. 579—597. DOI: 10.1144/GSL.MEM.2006.032.01.35.

8. Kalinin A. A. Zoloto v metamorficheskikh kompleksakh severo-vostochnoi chasti Fennoskandinavskogo shchita. [Gold in metamorphic complexes of a northeast part of the Fennoskandian shield]. Apatity, FITs KNTs RAN, 2018, 250 p. (In Russian).

9. Petrov O. V., Shevchenko S. S., Akhmedov A. M. Novye promyshlennye tipy kompleksnykh rud blagorodnykh i tsvetnykh metallov v dokembrii vostochnoi chasti Baltiiskogo shchita. [New industrial types of complex ores of noble and nonferrous metals in the Precambrian eastern part of the Baltic Shield]. Materialy Vserossiiskoi konferentsii “Geodinamika, magmatizm, sedimentogenez i minerageniya Severo-Zapada Rossii”. Petrozavodsk, 2007, pp. 292—296. (In Russian).

10. Tytyk V. M., Frolov P. V. Molibdenovoe mestorozhdenie Lobash — krupnyi perspektivnyi ob"ekt v Respublike Kareliya. [Lobash molybdenum deposit: a big promising economic deposit in the Republic of Karelia]. Tr. KarNTs RAN. Ser. Geologiya dokembriya, 2014, no. 1, pp. 56—62. (In Russian).

11. Mineral’no-syr’evaya baza Respubliki Kareliya. [Mineral raw material base of the Republic of Karelia]. Kn. 1. Pod. red. V. P. Mikhailova i V. N. Aminova. Petrozavodsk, Kareliya, 2005, 278 p. (In Russian).

12. Afanas’eva E. N. i dr. Otchet po teme no. 14 “Sostavlenie prognozno-metallogenicheskoi karty na blagorodnometall’noe orudenenie Pana-Kuolayarvinskogo progiba m-ba 1:200 000”. [A forecast metallogenic map of noble metals mineralization of the Pana-Kuolajarvi downfold. Scale 1:200 000. A report on the theme No. 14]. Fondy VSEGEI. St. Petersburg, 2004. (In Russian).

13. Safonov Yu. G., Volkov A. V., Vol’fson A. A., Genkin A. D., Krylova T. L., Churaev A. V. Zoloto-kvartsevoe mestorozhdenie Maiskoe (Severnaya Kareliya): geologicheskie i mineralogicheskie osobennosti, voprosy genezisa. [Maiskoye gold quartz deposit (Northern Karelia): geological and mineralogical characteristics, genesis problems]. Geologiya rud. mestorozhdenii, 2001, no. 1, pp. 25—40. (In Russian).

14. Bushmin C. A., Belyatsky B. V., Krymsky R. Sh. et al. Isochron Re-Os age of gold from mayskoe gold-quartz vein deposit (Northern Karelia, Baltic Shield). Doklady Earth Sciences, 2013, vol. 448, no. 1, pp. 54—57. DOI: 10.1134/S1028334X13010030.

15. Ivashchenko V. I., Golubev A. I. Zoloto i platina Karelii: formatsionno-geneticheskie tipy orudeneniya i perspektivy. [Gold and platinum of Karelia: formation and genetic types of mineralization and prospects]. Petrozavodsk, KarNTs RAN, 2011, 369 p. (In Russian).

16. Ginzburg I. I. Poleznye iskopaemye poberezh’ya Kandalakshskogo zaliva Belogo morya. [Mineral resources of the Kandalaksha Bay coast of the White Sea]. Tr. Sever. nauch.-promyslovoi ekspeditsii [Petrograd], 1921, iss. 7, 64 p. (In Russian).

17. Ivashchenko V. I. Main types of rare_metal mineralization in Karelia.Geology of Ore Deposits, 2016, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 166—171. DOI: 10.1134/S1075701515060057.

18. Mineral’no-syr’evaya baza Respubliki Kareliya. [Mineral raw material base of the Republic of Karelia]. Kn. 2. Petrozavodsk, Kareliya, 2006, 356 p. (In Russian).

19. Ogorodnikov V. N., Koroteev V. A., Voitekhovskii Yu. L. et al. Kianitovye rudy Rossii. [Kyanite ores of Russia]. Ekaterinburg, UrO RAN, 2012, 334 p. (In Russian).

20. Shchiptsov V. V., Bubnova T. P., Skamnitskaya L. S., Garanzha A. V., Ruch’ev A. M. Granatovye rudy Karelii. [Garnet ores of Karelia]. Petrozavodsk, KarNTs RAN, 2009, 208 p. (In Russian).

21. Sharkov E. V., Belyatskii B. V., Bogina M. M., Chistyakov A. V., Shchiptsov V. V., Antonov A. V., Lepekhina E. N. Genesis and age of zircon from alkali and mafic rocks of the Elet’ozero Complex, North Karelia. Petrology, 2015, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 259—280. DOI: 10.1134/S0869591115030066.

22. Sorfu F., Bayanova T., Shchiptsov V., Frantz N. U-Pb ID-TIMS age of the Tiksheozero carbonatite: Expression of the 2.0 Ga alkaline magmatism in Karelia, Russia. Central European J. of Geosciences, 2011, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 302—308. DOI: 10.2478/s13533-011-0029-z.

23. Nezhenskii I. A., Pavlova I. G., Markov K. A. et al. Rossiiskii metallogenicheskii slovar’. [Russian metallogenic the dictionary]. St. Petersburg, VSEGEI, 2003, 320 p. (In Russian).


Download »


© 2011-2019 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594