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Home Archive of journals Issue 4(32) 2018 Sustainable water use in the Arctic. New approaches and solutions

SUSTAINABLE WATER USE IN THE ARCTIC. NEW APPROACHES AND SOLUTIONS

JOURNAL: 2018, 4(32), p. 15-29

RUBRIC: Ecology

AUTHORS: N.A. Kashulin, V.A. Dauvalter, T.P. Skoufina, V.A. Kotelnikov

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems of the Kola Science Centre of the RAS, Luzin Institute for Economic Studies Subdivision of the Kola Science Centre of the RS, Polar Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute of the Kola Science Centre of the RAS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2018-4-15-29

UDC: 504.062.2+504.062.4

The article was received on: 29.06.2018

Keywords: circular economy, biotechnology, microalgae, sustainable water use

Bibliographic description: N.A. Kashulin, V.A. Dauvalter, T.P. Skoufina, V.A. Kotelnikov Sustainable water use in the Arctic. New approaches and solutions. The Arctic: ecology and economy, 2018, no. 4(32), pp. 15-29. DOI:10.25283/2223-4594-2018-4-15-29. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

The article considers the reasons for the decrease in the resource potential of surface waters in the European part of the Arctic region. The existing linear nature-destructive economic models in the conditions of the Arctic do not ensure the sustainable development of the region, leading to the degradation of natural systems. The solution could be a search for new approaches and principles of environmental management based on innovative models and nature-like principles of circular economy, accumulated knowledge in the fields of ecology and biomimetics. The possibility of implementing the global trend of wastewater reuse in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) is considered.

In the context of circular economy with cyclical product use, when economic development is balanced with the protection of natural resources and environmental sustainability, wastewater is a widely available and valuable resource. Due to the reuse, wastewater becomes an additional resource that ensures the water use sustainability. The basis of these approaches are nature-like biomimetic technologies, repeating the principles of functioning of biological systems at various levels, capable of processing low-concentrated raw materials, with low energy and resource costs, providing economic benefits and successfully competing with traditional approaches in the economy. To implement priority innovation and investment projects in the field of low-temperature biotechnology, it is obvious that a regional research and production infrastructure for the biotechnology development will be created in the Russian Arctic.

 


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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594