Home Rubrics of the Journal Author Index Index ompany directory Article Index
 
Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594
RuEn
Advanced
Search
ABOUT|EDITORIAL|INFO|ARCHIVE|FOR AUTHORS|SUBSCRIBE|CONTACTS
Home Archive of journals Issue 3(27) 2017 Issues related to raising the speeds of heavy-tonnage cargo vessels during year-round arctic operations

ISSUES RELATED TO RAISING THE SPEEDS OF HEAVY-TONNAGE CARGO VESSELS DURING YEAR-ROUND ARCTIC OPERATIONS

JOURNAL: 2017, 3(27), p. 103-110

RUBRIC: Shipbuilding for the Arctic

AUTHORS: Sazonov K.E., Pustoshny A.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Krylov State Research Centre

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2017-3-103-110

UDC: 629.561.5; 629.54; 656.61

The article was received on: 02.06.2017

Keywords: podded propulsion units, heavy-tonnage vessel, strength in ice, icebreaker, power, ship propulsion, speed

Bibliographic description: Sazonov K.E., Pustoshny A.V. Issues related to raising the speeds of heavy-tonnage cargo vessels during year-round arctic operations. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2017, no. 3(27), pp. 103-110. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2017-3-103-110. (In Russian).


ANNOTATION:

Today’s focus on commercial Arctic development and re-orientation of freight traffic for year-round shipping of cargoes from Arctic regions not only to traditional Europe and US destinations, but now more importantly to the Pacific Rim countries like China, Korea and Japan, has encouraged development of advanced ice-going vessels. With these purposes in mind a superpower icebreaker and heavy-tonnage merchant vessels of high ice classes are designed and built. The Russian government is setting targets and priorities to ensure that the Arctic resources are exported exclusively by ships flying Russian flags, even if built abroad. However, the new vessels are developed based on the expertise and standards elaborated for the previous generation of ice-class ships of much smaller size and relatively slow speeds in ice-infested waters. Commercial development of Arctic implies that Arctic cargo shipments should be commercially competitive with the shipping routes around Eurasia via southern seas. Economic evaluations led to formulation of specific requirements regarding Arctic shipping. It was found that sailing speeds have to reach 12-14 knots, including waters covered with up to 2-meter thick ice. This paper addresses technical aspects and issues related to bringing year-round Arctic cargo shipments to speed, including the eastern seas of the Arctic Ocean known for severe ice condition.


Reference:

1. Sazonov K. E., Dobrodeyev A. A. Vzaimosvyaz razvitiya sudostroyeniya i osvoyeniya Arktiki. [Interrelated development of shipbuilding industry and Arctic]. Arktika: istoriya i sovremennost: Trudy mezhdunarodnoy nauchnoy konferentsii. Moscow, OOO “Izd. dom “Nauka”, 2016, pp. 241—250. (In Russian).
2. Ruksha V. V., Golovinskiy S. A., Belkin M. S. Ledokolnoye obespecheniye krupneyshikh natsionalnykh uglevodorodnykh proyektov. [Icebreaker assistance to major national hydrocarbon projects]. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika, 2016, no. 4 (24), pp. 109—113. (In Russian).
3. Kashka M. M., Smirnov A. A., Golovinskiy S. A. et al. Perspektivy razvitiya atomnogo ledokolnogo flota. [Prospects for development of nuclear icebreaker fleet]. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika, 2016, no. 3 (23), pp. 98—109. (In Russian).
4. Appolonov E. M., Nesterov A. B., Kopilets N. F., Didkovskiy A. V. O proyekte novoy redaktsii trebovaniy pravil Rossiyskogo morskogo registra sudokhodstva k ledovoy prochnosti sudov i ledokolov. [Regarding a draft of new revision of the Russian Maritime of Shipping Rules on ice strength of ships and icebreakers]. Sudostroyeniye, 1997, no. 5, pp. 17—23. (In Russian).
5. Tanker-gazovoz “Christophe de Margerie” ledovogo klassa. [Tanker-liquefied gas carrier ice class]. Available at: http://www.korabli.eu/galleries/oboi/grazhdanskie-suda/christophe-de-margerie. (In Russian).
6. Appolonov E. M., Sazonov K. E., Timofeyev O. Ya. Bezopasnost ekspluatatsii krupnotonnazhnykh sudov v arkticheskoy transportnoy sisteme. [Operational safety of heavy-tonnage vessels in the Arctic transportation system]. Trudy NGTU im. R. E. Alekseyeva, 2010, no. 1 (80), pp. 149—153. (In Russian).
7. Dekhtyaruk Yu. D., Dobrodeyev A. A., Sazonov K. E. Nekotoryye voprosy sozdaniya morskikh transportnykh sistem dlya vyvoza uglevodorodov iz Arktiki. [Some questions on the establishment of marine transport systems for the removal of hydrocarbons from the Arctic]. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika, 2013, no. 2 (10), pp. 84—91. (In Russian).
8. Pustoshnyy A. V., Sazonov K. E. Zadachi sudostroitelnoy nauki na sovremennom etape osvoyeniya Arktiki. [Problems of shipbuilding science at the current stage of Arctic exploration]. Vestn. Ros. akademii nauk, 2015, vol. 85, no. 7, pp. 593—597. (In Russian).
9. Enkvist E. On the Resistance Encountered by Ships Operating in the Continuous Mode of Icebreaking. The Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in Finland. Rep. N 24. Helsinki. 1972, 181 p.
10. Sazonov K. E. Teoreticheskiye osnovy plavaniya sudov vo ldakh. [Theoretical background of ship navigation in ice]. St. Petersburg, TsNII im. akademika A. N. Krylova, 2010, 274 p. (In Russian).
11. Sazonov K. E. O vozmozhnom mekhanizme razrusheniya ledovogo pokrova korpusom sudna pri plavanii v osenne-zimnikh usloviyakh. [Regarding possible mechanism of ice breaking by ship hull in autumn-winter navigation]. Tr. TsNII im. akad. A. N. Krylova, 1998, iss. 8 (292), pp. 79—83. (In Russian).
12. Zuyev V. A., Gramuzov E. M., Dvoychenko Yu. A. Razrusheniye ledyanogo pokrova. [Breaking of ice cover]. Gork. politekhn. in-t. Gorkiy, 1989, 89 p. (In Russian).
13. Kashtelyan V. I., Ryvlin A. Ya., Faddeyev O. V., Yagodkin V. Ya. Ledokoly. [Icebreakers]. Leningrad, Sudostroyeniye, 1972, 288 p. (In Russian).
14. Zuyev V. A. Sredstva prodleniya navigatsii na vnutrennikh vodnykh putyakh. [Means for extending in-land water-way navigation]. Leningrad, Sudostroyeniye, 1986, 208 p. (In Russian).
15. Dobrodeyev A. A., Klementyeva N. Yu., Sazonov K. E. Sovremennyye podkhody k obespecheniyu navigatsii krupnotonnazhnykh sudov vo ldakh. [Modern approaches to navigation of heavy-tonnage vessels in ice]. Transport Ros. Federatsii, 2015, no. 4 (59), pp. 26—29. (In Russian).
16. Tsoy L. G., Andryushin A. V., Shtrek A. A. Obosnovaniye osnovnykh parametrov perspektivnykh krupnotonnazhnykh gazovozov dlya Arktiki. [Substantiation of principal parameters of prospective large capacity LNG carriers for the Arctic]. Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki, 2013, no. 3 (97), pp. 46—56. (In Russian).
17. Sazonov K. E. Tanker i ledokol: slozheniye sil. [Tanker and icebreaker: cooperative efforts]. Mir transporta, 2007, no. 4, pp. 50—59. (In Russian).
18. Sazonov K. E. Neobkhodimo li normirovat minimalnyy uroven moshchnosti transportnykh sudov ledovogo plavaniya? [Necessity of setting the minimum power level requirements for ice-going ships]. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy sbornik RMRS, 2016, no. 44—45, pp. 81—84. (In Russian).
19. Sazonov K. E. O ledovoy khodkosti i upravlyayemosti krupnotonnazhnykh sudov dvoynogo deystviya v Arktike. [On propulsion and maneuvering performance of large-size double-acting vessels in arctic waters]. Problemy Arktiki i Antarktiki, 2016, no. 1 (107), pp. 50—60. (In Russian).
20. Pustoshnyy A. V. Problemy khodkosti transportnykh sudov. [Propulsion performance issues of merchant ships]. St. Petersburg, FGUP “Krylov. gos. nauch. tsentr”, 2016, 142 p. (In Russian).
21. Appolonov E. M. Ledovaya prochnost sudov, prednaznachennykh dlya kruglogodichnoy arkticheskoy navigatsii. [Ice strength of ships designed for year-round Arctic navigation]. St. Petersburg, Izd-vo SPbGMTU, 2016, 288 p. (In Russian).
22. Andryushin A. V. Teoriya vzaimodeystviya grebnogo vinta so ldom: Obespecheniye ekspluatatsionnoy prochnosti elementov propulsivnogo kompleksa sudov ledovogo plavaniya i ledokolov. [Theory of propeller/ice interaction. In-service strength of propulsion systems designed for ice-going vessels and icebreakers]. Dis. ... d-ra tekhn. nauk. St. Petersburg, 2006, 254 p. (In Russian).


Download »


© 2011-2019 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594