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Home Archive of journals Volume 12, No. 3, 2022 The role of regional suppliers in the implementation of Arctic projects: Russian practice and Norwegian experience

THE ROLE OF REGIONAL SUPPLIERS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ARCTIC PROJECTS: RUSSIAN PRACTICE AND NORWEGIAN EXPERIENCE

JOURNAL: Volume 12, No. 3, 2022, p. 430-443

HEADING: Economics and management in the Arctic zone

AUTHORS: Kryukov, Y.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-3-430-443

UDC: 332.146.2

The article was received on: 30.03.2022

Keywords: Krasnoyarsk region, Murmansk region, Yamal peninsula, mineral resource complex, Arctic projects, suppliers, small and medium-sized business, Yenisei Siberia, Norway, shelf projects

Bibliographic description: Kryukov, Y.V. The role of regional suppliers in the implementation of Arctic projects: Russian practice and Norwegian experience. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika. [Arctic: Ecology and Economy], 2022, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 430-443. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2022-3-430-443. (In Russian).


Abstract:

Article analyzes the mechanisms and tools for attracting regional suppliers to the implementation of large Arctic mineral projects in Russia. The author considers the Norwegian experience in the development of the supplier industry, and carries out a comparative analysis of the main features of the participation of regional companies in Norway and in Russia. In the Krasnoyarsk Territory the level of involvement of local companies over the past decade has increased, but, nevertheless, further work is required to develop the share of participation of regional companies in large investment projects in Taimyr (primarily in the segment of small and medium-sized companies). In the Murmansk region an attempt was made to form an industry of local suppliers according to the Norwegian model, and this gave a certain result, despite the fact that the project was never implemented. In oil and gas production projects in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area, the innovative component in the activities of regional companies is principal, which, in the face of growing costs and shifting production further Northway, are able to offer new approaches in the provision of oilfield services. The author considers the Norwegian experience in attracting suppliers based on a steady stream of new projects, the potential of the shipbuilding industry and the competitive environment both at the level of customers and suppliers. He outlines the role of the state, consisting in a combination of protectionist measures, encouraging the creation of industrial clusters and linking the granting of licenses to the localization of innovative developments in the oil and gas sector. Thus, the author concludes that, in general, the Norwegian methods of forming a supplier industry at different stages of project implementation are applicable in Russia, but there are also differences due to the geographical extent of supply chains and the large territorial coverage of projects. He notes that the first step in the partial use of the Norwegian experience could be the expansion of the powers of local authorities in licensing policy, as well as the transition to a concession licensing system. This would make it possible to include the involvement of Russian contractors as a condition of the concession. The license agreements would have fixed the use of Russian suppliers.


Finance info: The work was carried out according to the research plan of the Institute of Economics and Industrial Engineering of the Siberian Branch of the RAS, project 5.6.3.2 (0260-2021-0004) Resource territories of the East of Russia and the Arctic zone: features of the processes of interaction and ensuring the connectivity of regional economies in the context of modern scientific, technological and social challenges.

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DOI 10.25283/2223-4594