Arctic: ecology and economy
ISSN 2223-4594
Home Archive of journals Issue 2(38) 2020 Human Development and Prospects for the Knowledge Economy Formation


JOURNAL: 2020, 2(38), p. 18-30

HEADING: Economics and management in the Arctic zone

AUTHORS: Smirnov A.V.

ORGANIZATIONS: Institute of socio-economic and energy problems of the North, Komi Science Centre Ural Branch of the RS

DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-2-18-30

UDC: 330.34+314.93(985)

The article was received on: 27.01.2020

Keywords: science, Russia, human development, education, knowledge economy

Bibliographic description: Smirnov A.V. Human Development and Prospects for the Knowledge Economy Formation. Arctic: ecology and economy, 2020, no. 2(38), pp. 18-30. DOI: 10.25283/2223-4594-2020-2-18-30. (In Russian).


The author proposes his own method for calculating the human development index at the municipal level, which allows taking into account the age structure of the deceased, the expected duration of education and the purchasing power of money, based on municipal statistics. The territories of the Arctic zone of Russia are differentiated by life expectancy, level of education, incomes of the population and the general human development index. The key problems of human development in the Arctic are identified: spatial unevenness, low life expectancy and the educational level of the population in rural areas and areas inhabited by indigenous peoples of the North, low incomes in the western part of the Arctic. Spatial analysis shows that at least 85% of the scientific and educational potential of the Russian Arctic is concentrated in three cities in the European part: Arkhangelsk, Murmansk and Apatity. At the same time, the highest level of human development is typical for the Western Siberia areas that lack the development in the scientific and innovation spheres. This discrepancy determines the need for a differentiated socio-economic policy. In the western part of the Arctic it is possible to develop a knowledge economy based on the European model. In the territories of the eastern part with a high level of human development, separate areas of the knowledge economy should be formed, while increasing interaction with highly developed regions, an active exchange of knowledge, practices and innovations. The content analysis of the strategic documents of the Arctic regions makes it possible to identify priority areas for their innovative development. Finally, when managing territories with a low level of human development, it is necessary to focus on solving acute social problems: high mortality, low level of education and quality of life.

Finance info: The paper was prepared in the framework of the research Population of the Northern territories of Russia: history of formation and development prospects (Grant No. -16-116021210329-2, 2019-2021).


1. Petrov A. N., Zbeed S. O., Kavin F. A. Arkticheskaya ekonomika znanii: geograficheskie aspekty proizvodstva novykh znanii i tekhnologii v Arktike. [Arctic’s knowledge economy: spatial patterns of knowledge and technology production in the Arctic]. Arktika i Sever, 2018, no. 30, pp. 5—22. DOI: 10.17238/issn2221-2698.2018.30.5. (In Russian).
2. The Economy of the North 2015. Ed. by S. Glomsrød, G. Duhaime, I. Aslaksen. Oslo; Kongsvinger, Statistics Norway, 2017, 168 p.
3. Pilyasov A. N. I poslednie stanut pervymi: Severnaya periferiya na puti k ekonomike znaniya. [And the last shall be first: Northern periphery on the way to knowledge economy]. Moscow, Kn. dom “LIBROKOM”, 2009, 544 p. (In Russian).
4. Makarov V. L. Ekonomika znanii: uroki dlya Rossii. [Knowledge Economy: Lessons for Russia]. Rossiya i sovrem. mir, 2004, no. 1, pp. 5—24. (In Russian).
5. Florida R. Who’s Your City? How the Creative Economy Is Making Where to Live the Most Important Decision of Your Life. New York, Basic Books, 2008, 386 p.
6. Zamyatina N. Yu., Pilyasov A. N. Novoe mezhdistsiplinarnoe nauchnoe napravlenie: arkticheskaya regional’naya nauka. [A New Interdisciplinary Area of Study: Arctic Regional Science]. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya, 2017, no. 3 (95), pp. 3—30. DOI: 10.15372/REG20170301. (In Russian).
7. Sen A. The Ends and Means of Development. Development as Freedom. Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press, 2001, pp. 35—53.
8. Petrov A. Creative Arctic: Towards Measuring Arctic’s Creative Capital // Arctic Yearbook 2014. Ed. by L. Heininen. Akureyri, Northern Research Forum, 2014, pp. 149—166.
9. Petrov A. Exploring the Arctic’s “Other Economies”: Knowledge, Creativity and the New Frontier. The Polar J, 2016, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 51—68. DOI: 10.1080/2154896X.2016.1171007.
10. Deaton A. Velikii pobeg: Zdorov’e, bogatstvo i istoki neravenstva. [The Great Escape: Health, Wealth, and the Origins of Inequality]. Moscow, Izd-vo In-ta Gaidara, 2016, 368 p. (In Russian).
11. Scott A., Storper M. The Nature of Cities: The Scope and Limits of Urban Theory. Intern. J. of Urban and Regional Research, 2014, vol. 39 (1), pp. 1—15. DOI: 10.1111/1468-2427.12134.
12. Fauzer V. V., Lytkina T. S., Fauzer G. N. Osobennosti rasseleniya naseleniya v Arkticheskoi zone Rossii. [Features of population settlement in the Arctic zone of Russia]. Arktika: ekologiya i ekonomika, 2016, no. 2 (22), pp. 40—50. (In Russian).
13. Lytkina T. S., Smirnov A. V. Rossiiskii Sever v usloviyakh global’noi neoliberal’noi politiki: preodolenie prostranstvennogo neravenstva ili vytesnenie? [The Russian North in the Context of Global Neoliberal Politics: Overcoming Spatial Inequality or Expulsion?], Mir Rossii, 2019, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 27—47. DOI: 10.17323/1811-038X-2019-28-3-27-47. (In Russian).
14. Smirnov A. V. Chelovecheskii potentsial nauki i obrazovaniya severnykh regionov. [The human potential of science and education of the northern regions]. Region. ekonomika: teoriya i praktika, 2015, no. 25, pp. 60—72. (In Russian).
15. Zamyatina N. Yu., Pilyasov A. N. Kak nam obustroit’ Arktiku. [How do we equip the Arctic]. [S. l.], Izdat. resheniya, 2019, 86 p. (In Russian).
16. Healy A. Innovation in Circumpolar Regions: New Challenges for Smart Specialization. The Northern Rev, 2017, no. 45, pp. 11—32. DOI: 10.22584/nr45.2017.002.
17. Fauzer V. V., Smirnov A. V., Lytkina T. S., Fauzer G. N. Metodika opredeleniya opornykh poselenii rossiiskoi Arktiki. [Methodology for defining pivotal settlements in the Russian Arctic]. Ekon. i sots. peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz, 2019, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 25—43. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.5.65.2. (In Russian).
18. Jungsberg L., Copus A., Nilsson K., Weber R. Demographic Change and Labour Market Challenges in Regions with Largescale Resource-based Industries in the Northern Periphery and Arctic. Stockholm, Nordregio, 2018, 42 p.
19. Einarsson N., Larsen J. N., Nilsson A. N. et al. Arctic Human Development Report. Akureyri, Stefansson Arctic Inst., 2004, 242 p.
20. Larsen J. N. et al. Arctic Human Development Report. Regional Processes and Global Linkages. Copenhagen, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2014, 504 p.
21. Lazhentsev V. N. Problemnyi podkhod v ekonomicheskoi geografii: analiticheskii syuzhet v svyazi so 100-letiem so dnya rozhdeniya professora V. A. Vityazevoi. [Problem-based approach in economic geography: analytical storyline devoted to the 100-th anniversary of professor V. A. Vityazeva]. Izv. Komi nauchnogo tsentra UrO RAN, 2019, no. 2 (38), pp. 6—12. DOI: 10.19110/1994-5655-2019-2-6-12. (In Russian).

Download »

© 2011-2020 Arctic: ecology and economy
DOI 10.25283/2223-4594